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Arguments For or Against the Existence of God
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Arguments against Thomas Aquinas’ Cosmological Proof of God’s Existence Name Subject Teacher Date Arguments against Thomas Aquinas’ Cosmological Proof of God’s Existence The 13th century saint and philosopher Thomas Aquinas has laid the foundation of the cosmological proof of God’s existence, or the existence of God as the First Uncaused Cause in a series of causes.
Mainly, the argument is based on induction. It begins with Aquinas believing that there is an order of “efficient causes” in this world (Reichenbach, 2012). This means that causality exists in this world and that this causality has a particular order, where one thing causes another and this caused thing also causes another thing. Aquinas then proceeds by assuming that nothing can cause itself because it would be impossible for it to be prior to itself. This then leads Aquinas to think that everything is caused by another thing other than itself (Reichenbach, 2012). This part of the argument is rather self-explanatory but Aquinas makes it clear to his audience that causality works and that the law of causality exempts nothing. He also makes it clear that in this series of causes, it is impossible for one event to cause itself, or for one thing to cause its own existence. Aquinas is doing this while at the same time leading his reader to believe that there must be one cause that first caused all these series of causes but that this cause itself was not caused by any other cause. He does this while somehow postulating that only God can cause Itself to exist. ...
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