In 1947 the Truman Doctrine forever changed America's foreign policy from an isolationist one to a more active policy of involvement with other countries in order to curb what they perceived as a Communist threat to the world and hence their own democratic stability…
In 1947 the Truman Doctrine forever changed America's foreign policy from an isolationist one to a more active policy of involvement with other countries in order to curb what they perceived as a Communist threat to the world and hence their own democratic stability.The United States fear of communist dominance has a direct bearing on the policy they adopted towards Latin American countries. The Truman policy was directly responsible for establishing the Cold War, and then the focus of the policy was the prevention of the rise of Communism. This has especial relevance in the context of its policy towards Latin America. During the Cold War years, the United States adopted a very aggressive interference in Latin American affairs in its attempt to weed out communism. In the Post Cold War years though, the policy while still against the influence of Communism, has softened considerably and has shifted focus to stabilizing countries democratically and economically - a result of understanding that the spread of Communism arises from poverty and exploitation.The thrust of American policy concerning Latin America can broadly be divided into four areas: democratic stabilization, free trade and the economic opportunities it offers, the immigration problem and the war on drugs.Democratic stabilization is a key focus in America's policy. Originating from the desire to stop the spread of Communism, the U.S.A has, since the Cold war, focused on helping to stabilize democracies, which they feel are better alternatives and which do not threaten the U.S.' own security. A notable example is their support of the Mesa government in Bolivia and Enrique Bolanos' presidency in Nicaragua (Roger Noriega). However, despite the fact that their support for democracy is well intentioned, the failure of the Mesa administration in Bolivia (culminating in his resignation in 2005) highlights the fact that while democracy is a good thing, the U.S. needs to focus also on the effectiveness of the governments they choose to support, and the government's ability to handle the political and economic situation of the country. The U.S. has always publicly stated their support for democratic protestors in Cuba as well, and promised support in the event of a democratic revolution. This sort of heavy handed "Big Brothering" has also caused much resentment as the people of that country feel that the U.S is really disguising its dictatorship in the form of aid. Venezuela's Chavez has vehemently refused to accept any of U.S aid with the inevitable strings attached to it.
Stemming from their support of democracy also came the realization that democracies, no matter how well intentioned, could not effectively stabilize a country unless it was economically stable as well. The majority of Latin American countries are impoverished and this is a vital cause of political instability and also revolution. Thus the second focus of policy on increasing Free trade. Free trade would open up economic opportunities and make available goods and services to economically challenged regions without the stifling taxes and tariffs imposed. LatinAmerica has been important to the U.S. in this regard as it is a major importer of American goods and services. Many raw materials are also sourced from the Latin countries. (http://www.wesfryer.com/uslapolicy.html). However protectionism has been a problem with many Latin countries, as well as with America. The grumbles on outsourcing by U.S. politicians have severely affected free trade agreements with Latin countries, and in the case of Mexico stalled the NAFTA act for a while. However the passing of NAFTA, finally meant the lowering of tariffs on many aspects -vehicles, textiles, computers etc. Investment restrictions also eased. By advocating free trade the economic restrictions lessen and the opportunities for growth open up. There is scope for employment and a better standard of life. The U.S. focus on this aspect has therefore also helped them to address another ...
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“US Policy towards Latin America After the Cold War Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/274505-us-policy-towards-latin-america-after-the-cold-war.
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page number Abstract 2 Chapter One: Introduction Background of the Study Problem Statement Research Questions Research Objectives Significance of the Study Scope and Limitations Methodology: A Brief Overview Organizations of the Study 3 Chapter Two: Literature Review Introduction Historical Background of the U.S.-Cuba Foreign Policy The Current Status of the U.S.-Cuba Foreign Policy Factors that affect the U.S.-Cuba Foreign Policy The Future of the U.S.-Cuba Foreign Policy 9 Chapter Three: Results 28 Chapter Four: Discussions 37 Chapter Five: Conclusions and Recommendations 42 Abstract The relationship between the United States and Cuba has been the subject of many researche
The Effects of the Cold War on the Middle East. If the Cold War is deemed as the communism’s conflict with the capitalist west under the headship of the United States, communism decidedly becomes defeated. The Soviet leadership’s expansionist desire to force communism upon the rest of the earth panicked the wealthy capitalist west whose reaction to the communist expansionism eventually kindled the war.
During the term of US President Richard Nixon, the Vietnam War was already heating up and getting more out of hand. The situation in this scenario showed that Soviet Russia and the People’s Republic of China were giving military aid to the forces of Communist North Vietnam, while the United States provided military aid to the democratic South Vietnam.
As most of Europe was devastated by the war, the US soon emerged as one of the major economic and political powers. The Soviet Union was also able to rebuild and was eyeing improvements in its military capability. This same military prowess was also one of the major goals of the US.
The Cold War was the prolonged state of relative calm, on the one hand, and continuous conflict on the other. It existed primarily between the United States and Soviet Union and their respective allies after World War II, and extended till the 1990's.
This period was characterized by the formations of several alignment treaties, both by the United States and the Soviet Union.
Many in the West called this a victory with many praising U.S. President Ronald Reagan and his aggressive, military policy towards the Soviet Union. Francis Fukuyama called it the end of history.1 Others looked to the future with U.S. President George H. W.Bush speaking about a 'new world order'
The concentrated wealth that this system had created continues to linger on long after the abolishment of slavery, and continues to polarize the nations of this region. The ruling elite and a cultural tradition of mano dura (strong hand) elitist rule have resulted in a cycle of revolution and coups in many of the Latin American nations, as dictators rise to power to serve the interests of the ruling class.
Even though the relationship between United States and Soviet Union are observed in the perspective of post World War II experiences and in relation with Stalin’s expansionist policies, there are other influential factors.
The emergence of superpowers after world war two was among the contributing factors to the cold war. The western block (consisting of the United States of America and other NATO country members against eastern bloc eastern bloc. A neutral block founded by India, Egypt, and Yugoslavia.
The United States of America moved to Latin America due to geopolitical and economic factors and it’s the same factors influenced the communist states to move from their countries to Latin America. In the end, others like the Soviets also felt the need for the Latin America.
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