The paper gives some informative answers to the burning questions of our society about the most political epidemic of our times - AIDS. The epidemic on an infectious disease is not only caused by the infectious agent; it is also the resultant of the social, political, economic, and infrastructural failures…
With the epidemic spread of the disease, the researchers, epidemiologists, and healthcare professionals were in dire necessity of funds to develop tools to contain the disease, but they were denied funds due mainly to political lobbyists. When a statement from the government would have oriented people to the appropriate directions, rather than effective leadership to consolidate the approaches against AIDS, the authority took an unscientific standpoint to relate AIDS to particular sexual behaviors. This was a politically directed move to discriminate against people with AIDS. The government rather than concentrating on preventive measures or AIDS education, being politically mobilized by the born-again Christian Republican conservatives embraced a deeply reactionary social move.When the government chose to take steps, by that time AIDS was established epidemic in USA.
B. The outbreak of SARS was the result of ineffective government policies at the national level, mainly due to economic reasons. Normal domestic response to an emerging epidemic should be effective gathering of information and transmission of that data to appropriate specialists to assess that. Fears that disclosure of SARS would affect tourism and business and danger that both of these would affect economy, made China to make a delayed disclosure of this atypical illness. This delay had already caused the spread of the disease until the attention of the international community was attracted to this. The economic interests caused lack on transparency by the Chinese Government. The global spread of the disease is attributed to poor transparency of this government.
In the case of an outbreak, performance of basic public health functions is important to trace contacts for sick patients. This needs a very strong economy of the country, and aggressive steps in this context would need costly steps and surge of extra fund. Many countries lack such amenities mainly due to economic reason. This fuels the spread of the epidemic.
The fear of diversion of foreign direct investment in the geographic region is not unreal, and SARS led to foreign divestments in China.
4A. The Embden-Meyerhof Pathway or Glycolysis: In this pathway, a series of enzymatic chemical reactions lead to conversion of sugars to pyruvate resulting in ATP production.
Glucose is phosphorylated to glucose-6-phosphate, the ATP in the cell acts a phosphate donor, and it is transformed into ADP. By a reversible reaction, glucose-6-phosphate converts to fructose-6-phosphate. Fructose-6-phosphate, in turn, is phosphorylated at 1 position of the carbon chain of the fructose-6-phosphate. This phosphate is derived from another molecule of ATP, which gives one phosphate radicle and is changed to ADP. The fructose-6-phosphate is converted to fructose-1-6-biphosphate. This marks the end of 6-carbon stage of the reaction.
Next, an enzyme, aldolase acts on fructose-1-6-biphosphate to form glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate, which are interconvertible by a reversible reaction between them. In this step, another phosphate is incorporated into glyceraldehyde-3-phaosphate by mediation of NAD to result in 1,3 biphosphoglycerate. In this process, one H+ ion is incorporated into NAD to form NADH. Next, a substrate-level phosphorylation occurs. This splits one phosphate from the 1,3 biphosphoglycerate to tag it to ADP, generating one molecule of ATP. Biphosphoglycerate is converted into 3-phosphoglycerate that reversibly forms ...
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It is clear that the people living with the disease have been neglected and discriminated against in their society. In researching this, respondents were asked to answer relevant questionnaires through telephone conversation. These respondents were selected from health care and HIV centres in Kumasi.
During his tenure, president Museveni decentralized political, administrative, and fiscal responsibilities to the district level. This aimed at improving service delivery; broaden democratic space, and general rural development in the country. At this time, the life expectancy at birth was at about 46.5 years, in the 1990s (Barnett and Blaikie 1992).
Robert Gallo, a renowned AIDS researcher was a co discoverer of the virus causing AIDS despite several controversies. He has made several contributions and subsequent AIDS research. AIDS is caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The HIV/AIDS virus has remained the leading global threat to health.
UNICEF advertisement concerning the AIDS epidemic
It is the hope of this student that the reader will be able to gain a more full and complete/nuanced understanding of the way through which each of these rhetorical strategies are used in the video in question although it is but a brief 45 seconds and overall length, the artists and directors who were responsible for the creation and production of this advertisement masterfully wove a brief tale that is inclusive of each of these three previously mentioned rhetorical strategies.
AIDS provided society and the media with a double-edged opportunity and challenge, the truly frightening specter of a deadly disease that could be associated with sexual permissiveness, showing up among a group the media have consistently defined as being outside the mainstream.
In Zambia one quarter of the city population is infected and one in seven people are infected in rural areas (Feachem 2007:Internet). In contrast to this these tragic statistics, in Uganda, there is now a real prospect of an almost AIDS-free generation of high-school-age children (anon2 2006:Internet).
AIDS has already taken the lives of tens of thousands. And if current estimates prove correct, it could take millions of additional lives in the near future. As deaths from this modern plague mounted and no cure was found.
The disease is defined as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a human viral disease that ravages the immune system, undermining the body's ability to defend itself from infection and disease.
And though the virus itself was localized and described decades ago no effective cure against it has been offered yet and people are offered the therapy that can only postpone immune system decline. Most often
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