This essay stresses that before the turn of the 20th century, the majority of Americans were of the opinion that Big Business was a threat to democracy and to the free market system. The government consistently attempted to split up monopolies or to prevent them from being formed to begin with. Congress was obligated to pass these laws as American citizens were more than wary of the negative implications that excessive corporate control over a section of society represented. But as businesses grew large in scale, federal government was forced to increase in size with the purpose of regulating Big Business. In the governmental managing of the large monopolizing corporation, innovative concepts of administration were required. The U.S. was moving away from the idea of the entrepreneur, the independent businessmen of the mid-1800’s, to a work force employed by large, nationally structured and powerful organizations.
This paper makes a conclusion that Americans of every economic status were uncertain of how maintaining their individual liberties balanced with the level of government intrusion in their day-to-day lives. During this time of expansive policies, the federal government also exercised this newfound power to increase opportunity and wealth for less influential groups such as women and minorities and working class men. This change of direction towards liberalism was not lost on millions of Americans after the war as many societal factions continued to expect the federal government to use its power to take control of social and economic inequalities.