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Sociology: gender, sex and sexuality - Essay Example

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Sociology: gender, sex and sexuality

This paper will argue that inequality on the grounds of gender and sexuality influences opportunities and choices for individuals and groups, in spite of the visible equality of genders in our modern society. The paper will also discuss such sociological features as hegemonic masculinity, feminism as an attribute of the war of genders and guy revolution phenomenon.

2. Hegemonic masculinity is one of the most resistant stereotypes of sexual scripts today. There are historical and sociological causes of such phenomenon as hegemonic masculinity in modern society. Men traditionally have been the dominants of such important spheres of human life as economy, sport, politics, war conflicts and many others. “It is men, almost exclusively, who make the decisions that launch international aggression and civil wars. It is further true that men are responsible for most crimes of violence in private life” (1). In many cultures historically men are defenders and getters. Traditionally men also are associated with violence and superiority, and this gender script is very often developed with different cinema production. In our emancipated century men still have a lot of social privileges over women. There are still many traditionally masculine spheres of social life, such as some kinds of sports, politics and army. Employment practice also shows some kind of inequality on the grounds of gender – sometimes it is much harder for a woman to take some post than for a man. Hegemonic masculinity is also shown in such sociological phenomenon as harassment. As a rule, harassment objects are women, while harassment subjects are men: "Sexual harassment has a long past but a short history... Along with rape, wife beating, prostitution, and pornography, it is one of the ways in which male control of women's sexuality shapes women's experience" (2). Such kind of behaviour as sexual harassment is a very eloquent example of the inequality on the grounds of gender and sexuality; it directly affects opportunities and choices for women who are under the influence of men.

3. Patriarchy as a theoretical perspective has a very long history. "All fatherhood in heaven and on earth derives from God the Father (Eph. 3:15). He is the original pattern, the perfect example of fatherhood. If men are to rediscover their identity they will need to become reacquainted with the one who made them to be uniquely like himself" (4). So, the conception of patriarchy has biblical origin and asserts the power of men according to the examples of such biblical characters as Abraham, Jacob, David and Isaac. God delegated his power to men. So, God originated the style of relationship among people when a man, a family father, a man as a leader has prevalence over a woman. "Our culture may think it has outgrown the practice of male leadership, but this only proves the foolishness of the current wisdom. We should not be apologetic about patriarchy. To abandon God's plan is rebellion against God. Patriarchy is submission to God" (4). So, patriarchy has taken roots very deeply in our society, and we take for granted that men govern in politics, economy and in the family. Patriarchy is characteristic ...Show more

Summary

The issue that inequality on the grounds of gender and sexuality continues to affect opportunities and choices for individuals and groups is very interesting. …
Author : elmer02
Sociology: gender, sex and sexuality essay example
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