The initial studies of psychology from theorists such as Freud and Jung were from a deterministic point of view. Both based their theories of human behavior ultimately as the result of the genetic aspects of their biology and physiology. This then became the focal point for the debate between whether human behavior was grounded from a biological perspective or if it was from an environmental perspective. What eventually became known as the behaviorist school of psychology, researchers of this school believed that human behavior was ultimately the result of interactions within the environment. One of the fundamental contributors to the behaviorist theories behind psychology came from Albert Bandura.
Albert Bandura is a Canadian psychologist that was born on December 4, 1925 in Alberta, Canada. He was the youngest of his six sisters. Bandura’s father worked for a railroad company and his mother was the owner of a general store in the town that they lived in. Even though his parents were uneducated, they were highly intelligent and placed a great deal of emphasis on the merits of education to their children. Bandura attended the only school in his town, which was extremely lacking in both staff and resources. During his high school years, Bandura held a great many different types of jobs and it was while he worked these jobs that he gained his appreciation for the study of human behavior and psychopathology. He enrolled at the University of British Colombia in which he had intended to major in the biological sciences. He took psychology as an elective course and this was the start of his psychological career (Bandura, 2006). Bandura achieved much success during the course of his undergraduate years, which resulted in Bandura being awarded the Bolocan award in psychology. He spent his graduate studies in psychology at the University of Iowa, which at the time was the focal point for all the important research and discoveries being made in the field of psychology. It was during this time of his life that he met his wife, Virginia Varns, on a golfing expedition and they were married in 1952. Bandura earned his master’s and PhD in clinical psychology in 1951 and 1952 respectively. After this, he pursued a post-doctoral fellowship at the Witchita Guidance Center. The large start to his professional career occurred in 1953 when he joined the faculty at Stanford University. His research and study of adolescent and child behavior in respect to aggression is what allowed Bandura to form the majority of his theories regarding learning and social psychology. Bandura received many award from the American Psychological Association for his work and contributions to the field of psychology, which have earned him a spot with the most influential researchers in the field and title as the president of the American Psychological Association in 1973.To this day, he still serves as a researcher and as a professor at Stanford University (Pajares, 2004). Albert Bandura was a psychologist that was not bound by theory and textbook like a majority of other psychologists that were grounded on the basis of biological and deterministic aspects. Even during the course of his own education, he remarked that the majority of his learning took place as the result of self-motivation rather than learning from a textbook. In addition, he started out not knowing what psychology was and through a random convergence of events; he found that psychology was the