The philosophy of non-violence possesses deep roots in Judaism; nevertheless, absolute non-violence is not an obligation of Judaism. Judaism strictly limits the employment of violence in which non-violence frequently becomes the only means of fulfilling a life of truth, peace and justice that Judaism perceives to be three tools for the preservation of the world. Jewish law does not allow any utilization of violence unless in self-defense, whereby any individual any raises a hand to harm another can be considered “evil.” Judaism is distinct in that it stipulates adherence to Jewish values even in times of war. The assertion that Judaism promotes violence is ironic given that Jewish people shaped the foundation of Western morality as espoused by the concept of sanctity of life, and absolute morality. Judaism fosters the values of respect of life, brotherhood, and freedom as demonstrated by the Universal laws of humanity. Jews remain obligated to act with mercy even in instances of drawing close to the battle. At the basis of these laws is the critical concept that there exists a God who values all people. Article on Islam Islam texts and doctrines have, in some cases, been linked to violence. In the article, Karen Armstrong notes that the evil carnage witnessed in 9/11 is not characteristic of Islam faith (par. 1). Nevertheless, the question of whether Islam condones violence is legitimate given the increasing cases of terror activities. Koran allows the use of violence for self-defense in which Muslims should not start hostilities. The Koran cites the Torah as allowing individuals the right of retaliation; nevertheless, the Koran implies that it is meritorious to forsake revenge in line with the spirit of charity. As such, Armstrong is right to highlight that Islam is not addicted to war, and, in that right, jihad cannot be regarded as one of its “pillars” or pertinent practices. Some sections of literature have dealt with the juxtaposition in Islamic law and theology of violence and non-violence as perpetrated by certain groups and individuals. Islam occasionally permits the utilization of force, while stressing that the core spiritual goal centers on peace and nonviolence. I admit that, it would be erroneous to perceive that Islam is intrinsically a violent religion. Similarly, it is inappropriate to fail to comprehend the conditions that render some believers to feel justified in acting violently against subjects whom their tradition feels should be countered. Given that Islam loosely translates to “peace,” it is complex to explain why there are spontaneous celebrations when there are incidents of terror attacks such as 9/11. One of the verses in Koran appears to give an open license to kill all non-believers or pagans devoid of any restriction. This does not imply that all Muslims are violent at heart as most Muslims have aspirations for living peaceful lives (Armstrong par. 2). Article on Christianity In the article, Unnever and Cullen reasons that, Christian fundamentalists are not more likely to back capital punishment compared to moderate denominations owing to conservative religious beliefs that rationalize the use of the death penalty (Unnever and Cullen 169). This may be true given that affiliation to Christian fundamentalist denomination is not always related to support for capital punishment. Indeed, the relationship between affiliation
Author Tutor Course Date Critique of article on Judaism In the article, Aran and Hassner notes that, throughout Jewish history, religious tradition possesses a dialectical relationship with violence. The article notes that Judaism is neither more nor less violent relative to any other religion…
Thus, in the work, there is a special section on each of the traditional faiths, indigenous religions, and new religious movements of the world. The section on Christianity comes in the Chapter 10 of the book, with the title “Christianity” and the subtitle “Jesus Christ is Lord”.
Jesus is believed to be an entity that God sent in this world to restore peace and order and the story of the life of Jesus is reiterated in New Testament which includes Gospels, Epistles and letters. Jesus taught his followers forgiveness and conveyed God’s message to the people and it appeared as if God was acting and speaking through Jesus although Jesus himself referred to God as ‘Abba’/ Father.
There is a marked increase in the number of believers around the world. From the United States to the Middle East, religious traditions and beliefs have started shaping personalities and opinions. Now religion has also crept into economic development and welfare of states.
Besides Paul and Palestinian Judaism, these include: Paul, the Law, and the Jewish People, Paul: A Very Short Introduction, Paul: A Brief Insight, Jewish Law from Jesus to the Mishnah: Five Studies, The Tendencies of the Synoptic Tradition, etc. The critics consider Paul and Palestinian Judaism a controversial and encyclopedic work, which represents not only the most understandable account of Rabbinic Judaism, ever undertaken by a non-Jew1, but also an insight into the thought of Paul as related to Judaism.
There is one estimate that claims the first presence of mankind to be as roughly one million two hundred thousand years ago (Paul, 1976). A human being with the brain size that is about the size of today’s man is estimated to have lived roughly half million years ago.
There are many reasons why the anti-Semitism prevailed. In modern world we may call it a racial or ethnic abhorrence. There are many reasons why one community starts hating another community. When the two towers of world trade centre of America was completely demolished by Islamic terrorists, it was a great shock for the entire world.
With more than two billion adherents, Christianity is arguably the largest religion in the world. The religion draws its doctrines from the teachings of Jesus Christ who they believe is the son of God and was a real human. The name of the religion thus arises from the name of Jesus whose teachings and experiences on earth influenced the development and spread of the religion.
The approach of McGinnis is basically focused on the forms of government with its related applications. He argues on four major points. The first one is related to the change in format of application where by the lower level segment would be provided with ample opportunity to form equilibrium and thus become potential enough to compete.
In addition, two domains: the spiritual and natural were explained to encompass the relationship between Allah and His creation. The relevant idea from this concept acknowledges that man has a choice in contrast to nature.
The other concept that was
According to the author, this is the last book among the series of books in which he analyzes the Islamic world and their relations with other countries. The first two books include Orientalism and The
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