Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Mainstream American Environmental Movement In the United States, environmentalism continues to be as diverse as the nation itself, with different racial, social and class divisions pursing self interests. The environmental movement is made up of many discursive communities, with each having specific issues of focus…
Further, immigration policies and occupational experiences have also shaped the environmental encounters of different races. Rather than culminating into the intended functional marriage of conservation and liberalism, limitations of the environmental reform agenda has led marginalized races, people of color as well as working class Whites to develop alternative agendas related to environmental movements (Rosemarie 83). This paper will analyze the role of race in the American environmental movement, and why environmental groups have had difficulties in building racial diversity in the past. It will further suggest why mainstream American environmental movement has been overwhelmingly white in the past and what can be done to change the trend among religious groups. As early as the 19th century, African-American abolitionists were fighting against the use of the poisonous arsenic, alongside slavery, by tobacco plantation owners who were Whites (Bernstein 212). More recent history has shown that some middle class Whites fled urban cities and shifted their focus on wildlife issues, wilderness and outdoor explorations while those who remained developed urban parks as they attempted to progress environmental conditions. At the same time, the urban environmental activists accorded the white working class better safety and worker health as compared to people of color. Instead, the environmental activists drove them off their land into reservations where they were put into slavery and used as laborers earning low wages. This forced them (people of color) to develop environmental discourses and activist agendas that addressed, or sought to address, oppression and racism alongside violation of human rights, denunciation or loss of land ownership, restricted access to resources and safety and health issues (Bernstein 212). To bridge the gap between these historically diverse issues, modern day environmental movement in the United States is characterized by an array of social movements or non-governmental organizations (NGOs) representing international, national and local interests (Rosemarie 69). Founded on different political views, the stake they seek from their influence on the environmental policy also varies widely. To analyze the complexity of the environmental movement, research must view it in terms of the distinct memberships based on their world views. Just like organized religious groups, participation in the environmental movement is based on prescribed sets of beliefs. The beliefs are made up of cultural perspectives that define a community’s practices concerning environmental movements. For instance, one such group, the Center for Health, Environment and Justice is aligned with the concerns of environmental health. Oriented by this perspective, its objective is to safeguard the health of residents of urban areas by getting rid of toxic substances from the environment. On the other hand, another group, the Wilderness Society is concerned with the discourse of protection of biodiversity and perpetuation of intact environmental systems. Informed through this perspective, the Wilderness Society emphasizes on the creation and maintenance of wilderness areas in a bid to guarantee an enduring ecological diversity in their areas of interest. Viewed from the angles of these two different communities, it is apparent that they both have ...
Cite this document
(“Mainstream American environmental movement Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/religion-and-theology/107289-mainstream-american-environmental-movement
(Mainstream American Environmental Movement Essay)
“Mainstream American Environmental Movement Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/religion-and-theology/107289-mainstream-american-environmental-movement.
The movement’s main form of resistance was civil disobedience which was supported by acts of nonviolent protest including sit-ins in Greensboro (1960), and marches, such as, those from Selma to Montgomery in 1965. This scenario induced a situation of the crisis between the authorities and the Civil Rights activists.
Studies have shown that there many of the stereotypes that Americans harbor about the Amish are erroneous, though certain “facts” of Amish life are immutable. Their ability to maintain a community separated from the overwhelming cultural influences that have overpowered foreign cultures will depend upon their ability to shield their young people from the dynamic effects of American educational, health care and economic factors.
According to Azmi, Thich observed that the severity of the war had numerous negative effects on civilian Vietnamese and therefore, felt that there was need to take an active role through mobilization of Buddhist monks, nuns, laymen and laywomen in order to try to assist these civilians (59).
The present paper will present how the African Americans experienced inequality during the Civil rights movement. They have experienced the failure of reconstruction as they continuously felt how the Whites are aggressive towards them with violence.The Whites were violent towards them to prevent them from voting, to experience desegregation in the school division between the Whites and Blacks, and to be given lesser opportunities for work.
4 3.Why Do Some Radical Environmentalists Seek To Affect Change Through ‘Direct Action’, And Can This Strategy Be Considered Legitimate? 5 References 7 1. What Was Greenpeace’s Strategy to Break Media Silence on Environmental Issues in the 1970s? With regard to the environmental issues, the period of 1970s can be viewed to be moulded with rising pretensions which surprised everybody throughout the globe during that particular time.
The battle for the women's suffrage movement was being fought on two battlefronts, the United States and England. However, the two countries were fighting for equal rights and the right to vote using highly different methods. The British version was controversial while the American version was more reserved and polite in terms of political action.
The movement is wholly managed by the Kenyans and it deliberately prefers to rely on local capacity, knowledge, wisdom and expertise wherever appropriate (Mathai, p-6). The tree-planting movement, led mostly by women, aims to produce firewood, building materials, and also to slow down desertification.
The term 'counterculture' is a term used in sociology to refer to any social group that moves or in opposition to the values and practices of the social mainstream. There are, of course, cultural movements that run against the mainstream in every generation, but the counterculture of the 60s refers to a mass movement that had some staying power, and that truly expressed the spirit of the time.
Similarly, at a railway crossing, the red lights flashing, that flare in alteration is static though normally appears to be in motion. Due to these examples, it is therefore evident that not everything that one sees is
no ancestry, PACE, and other minority groups who had moved from their motherland to follow their American dream but realized that they could no longer function as human beings due to racism and discrimination (Lee 291). In the late 1960s, PACE embraced the ‘Third World’
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Mainstream American environmental movement for FREE!