Translation of a segment included in this Vedic literature “Âpastamba's Yagña-Paribhâshâ-Sûtras” was conducted by F. Max Muller which was related with the ‘General Rules of the Sacrifice’. ‘Yagña’ or sacrifice in Sutra I of this literature is stated as an act to offer or rather to surrender, i.e. ‘pruputti’ of a living or a non-living object to the God (Muller, 2004).
‘Yagña’ is made to the God or Goddess with the expectation to attain a reward in terms of blessings. These rewards have often been termed to be related with the ‘path to heaven’, prosperity or ‘samridhi’ and absolute enlightenment or ‘samyak-sambodhi’. The Sutras in “Âpastamba's Yagña-Paribhâshâ-Sûtras” reveal a variety of rituals to perform sacrifice in order to satisfy the worshiped God or Goddess. Rituals and objects for the ‘Yagña’ differ according to the God or Goddess and similarly the process also varies in each case. In the traditional art of Hinduism, the rituals of sacrifice also differed on the basis of the caste system, i.e. Brâhmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra (Oldenberg, 1892). ...Show more