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Nonviolence and Social Justice: Gandhi and the Dalai Lama - Essay Example

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Nonviolence and Social Justice: Gandhi and the Dalai Lama

of one’s whole soul against the will of the tyrant.”4 In the pursuit of social justice and for the independence of India against the British rule, Gandhi protested through Satyagraha and Ahimsa. He also inspired his followers to combat violence with nonviolence, hatred with love, and to bring an end to the social injustice, prevailing in the society. Satyagraha as his political tool gained a significant success, when the British government was forced to negotiate with Gandhi for the suspension of his civil disobedience movement, which ultimately led to the end of the British colonial rule in India. The British colonialism in India led to the internal struggle for power between the Muslim and the Hindus, which led to violent protests for separate state after the liberation of India. According to Gandhi, the ‘divide and rule’ policy of the British mainly helped them to maintain their control over Indians, and that only led to the separation of India into separate countries of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh after its independence. “The British can retain their hold on India only by a policy of ‘divide and rule’. A living unity between the Muslims and Hindus is fraught with danger to their rule. It would mean an end to it.”5 Part II Dalai Lamas are the head monks of Buddhist Gelugpa lineage, who are regarded as the spiritual as well as the temporal leader of the Tibetan people. The present Dalai Lama, his holiness, Tenzin Gyatso, was recognized as the incarnation of 13th Dalai Lama and began his monastic education at the age of 6.6 In 1950, when he was just 15, the Chinese troops invaded Tibet, which elevated the Dalai Lama to be the head of the state, thereby attaining full power. Soon after the Chinese troops entered Tibet, the people protested in the...
Nonviolence is being used from time immemorial to achieve freedom from oppressors, with varying success. While Gandhi seems to have achieved success through non-violence in the political and social context, Dalai Lama is yet to achieve it. These results kind of the implies that the concept of nonviolence has significantly succeeded in the past, but when it comes to the contemporary times, it makes less relevance to the adversaries, because of their hostile approach towards pacifism. Yet there have been sizable examples, where the application of nonviolence has brought favorable outcomes during fights for social justice. Gandhi and Dalai Lama share few similarities as well as distinct differences. Though both have insisted on the nonviolent form of protests, their political and social context greatly varies. That is, Gandhi achieved freedom for India from a responsive British Government, which eventually responded to his protest. However, in Dalai Lama’s case, the Chinese authorities are hostile to his pacifism. As far as social context is concerned, British and Indians were adversaries or opposites in terms of culture, religion and language. However, China and Tibet share a common culture, language and religion which make them indistinguishable. ...Show more

Summary

Tha paper gives a brief overview about the religious and political postures of these two great personalities, by comparing and contrasting their ideals as well as historical backgrounds based on which they started their nonviolence movement. …
Author : mable52
Nonviolence and Social Justice: Gandhi and the Dalai Lama essay example
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