Name Institution Course Instructor Date Humanities Ethics Chapter 7: The Moral Status of Animals 1. Singer introduces the term "speciesism." What does he mean by this term? How is it relevant to his argument? How would Scruton respond to this concept? Singer uses the term speciesism to refer to the belief that human beings are more important than no-human animals simply because they belong to the species Homo sapiens…
He notes than humans use this criterion as a moral importance that they believe succeeds in excluding all animals and including all humans. He points variations that exist among humans themselves that sometimes could undermine the essence of equality among human beings themselves. For instance, he argues that there exist essential differences among humans such as different sizes and shapes, different intellectual abilities, differing moral capacities, differences in ability to communicate effectively, different capacities to experience pain and pleasure, differences in the amount of benevolent feeling and sensitivity towards others. According to singer, humans equally have differences as mentioned hence it could be incredibly erroneous to assert that there should be equality among humans when the differences are profound. In other words, Singer posits that humans then, have only a common ground in which they share a fundamental characteristic. That is, all human beings belong to the species of Homo sapiens. So the existence in the human species confers the moral responsibility of humans to control the lives of other non-human beings. He considers this understanding arbitrary and that human beings should not take advantage on the difference that exist among groups to see themselves as morally important. According to him, “speciesism” exists and human beings have hijacked the differences in species to confer among themselves moral importance vis-a-vis that of animals (White, 328). Scruton would almost go contrary to the assertions of Singer. But certain distinction need to be made in Singer’s argument, he defends animals and demand that there should be equality. This simply does not mean that animal right should be exactly comparable to that of humans, or to any extent supersedes that of human. Scruton believes that it may be essential to defend the life and rights of animals but, he makes an emphasis that doing so at the expense of human life makes no sense. He believes that human beings have interests while non-humans do not have interests. They may feel the same pain and pleasure but that ends just there, while humans tend to look at the outcome or how certain actions would impact on them. He then believes that it is not appropriate my any mean feat to terrorize the lives of humans for the sake of protecting the interests of animals. On his radar is the Animal Liberation Front in Britain, which he sites as the most dangerous terrorist groups. He also criticizes the Parliament for acting as if they are the representatives of animals. 2. Human “animal use” runs the gamut from use for food, research, recreation (fighting/hunting), to protection. How would you differentiate between killing bacteria (antibiotics), cockroaches (bug spray), or a rogue tiger, where they pose a real danger to humans? What about using animals in medical research that may save human lives, although the animals may suffer, or die? Should all living things be grouped together under the same rules? Explain. There are very serious moral issues that Scruton cites with relation to animal rights. For instance, he uses the example of fur trade that has seen serious resistance from animal activists. He also cites the situation the Oxford Professor, ...
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These guidelines, some written and others just common knowledge, are known as ethics. These are the maxims that dictate the extent to which one can go in implementing their ideas without putting the rights and feelings of others in jeopardy. With the rapid development of technology, it has become hard for any profession or industry to ignore the positive effects of incorporating one technological tool or the other in their daily businesses.
If the reconstitution of these schools is not revised, then political institutions will perish because thinking citizens are required to for such institutions to thrive (Adler, 69). Adler suggests philosophy as the only reform that is radical enough to prevent this disaster.
It is about the moral duty of an individual pegged on certain circumstances. Some examples of the right theory include the Divine Command and the pure reason. 2. What is the connectivity between Kant and the right theories? Any rational person upon understanding the moral law that exist in every human agent and upon looking at the world will know a priori that morality is universally necessary.
The reasons are not determiners of moral action but deal with matters of factual value and ideas. In fact, no ideas or factual matters that influence the common moral evil of humans. Hume adopted a model of elaborating his outstanding premises: ‘A Treatise of Human Nature’.
To what degree would this exclude “other purposes”? According to the Vatican declaration on sexual ethics, sexual activities between people should possess the moral justification for such act. The moral justification in these cases is adopted from the statement of Aquinas, which establishes that there has to be teleology or finality as espoused by the moral discourses.
Hospers presents very interesting arguments regarding the libertarian debate. At the core of libertarianism, Hospers observes that everyone has rights to live and notes that these rights do not include infringing the liberties of others. In this statement, Hospers presents his views that in a world where everyone owned everything responsibilities to defend the rights of others.
Changes, necessary to promote professional ethics, can be brought about by demonstrating leadership and keeping close coordination with other professionals within and outside clinical settings. Nurses must work within ethical, professional and legal boundaries and report immediately to authorities if they witness any negligence or lack of professionalism.
Due to poor living conditions and salaries, corruption among the prison staff is inevitable. There is need to increase remuneration of the prison warders and refurbish their working conditions.
It refers to prison riots that occurred on ninth of September 1971 at the
She traveled with her contingent to Jerusalem, King Solomon’s residence. After residing in Jerusalem for sixth months, she sought to go back to her kingdom. King Solomon was hesitant because he was attracted to her and he was contemplating on whether he should impregnate her.
cal Association (2015), psychologists are required to respect a person’s religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, culture, race or other differences in people.
As a future psychologist, I will ensure that I will not only respect people’s dignity and privacy
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