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Religion and Theology
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Name Institution Course Instructor Date Humanities Ethics Chapter 7: The Moral Status of Animals 1. Singer introduces the term "speciesism." What does he mean by this term? How is it relevant to his argument? How would Scruton respond to this concept? Singer uses the term speciesism to refer to the belief that human beings are more important than no-human animals simply because they belong to the species Homo sapiens.
He notes than humans use this criterion as a moral importance that they believe succeeds in excluding all animals and including all humans. He points variations that exist among humans themselves that sometimes could undermine the essence of equality among human beings themselves. For instance, he argues that there exist essential differences among humans such as different sizes and shapes, different intellectual abilities, differing moral capacities, differences in ability to communicate effectively, different capacities to experience pain and pleasure, differences in the amount of benevolent feeling and sensitivity towards others. According to singer, humans equally have differences as mentioned hence it could be incredibly erroneous to assert that there should be equality among humans when the differences are profound. In other words, Singer posits that humans then, have only a common ground in which they share a fundamental characteristic. That is, all human beings belong to the species of Homo sapiens. So the existence in the human species confers the moral responsibility of humans to control the lives of other non-human beings. ...
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