StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Great Awakening - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
The Puritans gained ascendency as a reaction to the perceived corruption and worldliness of the Church of England, while Catholics were a small minority. In 1670, Charles 11, followed by James 11, reestablished Catholic control. The Glorious Revolution of 1688 saw William and Mary put an end to Catholicism, repress other minority religious groups and unequivocally reinstate the Church of England as the dominant religion. The Anglican clergy shunned doctrinal extremes and adopted a moderate path. Religious belief was confined to mere nominal participation in church services. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, Charles and John Wesley, along with others like George Whitefield, “reacted against the coldness of religion and the deistic rationalism which prevailed” and revived the personal significance of the gospels (, n.d.). These were the seeds of the Great Awakening. ...
The political scene in England, described above, engendered an atmosphere of uncertainty in the colonies. These economic and political changes diverted the populace from religious concerns. Orthodox Calvinism was also challenged by the rationalism of the Enlightenment, which rejected the Puritan emphasis on the “inherent depravity” of human nature. The Enlightenment’s emphasis on logic and reason led to the study of theology being superseded by the introduction of math, science, law, and medicine into the college curriculums. Economic success and rational thought took precedence over religion and led to a laxity of morals. This weakening of religious commitment was further exacerbated by compromise within the Congregational Church. In order to stop the sharp decline in church congregations, the Congregational Churches of Connecticut and Massachusetts adopted the Halfway Covenant in 1662, by which churches baptized the second generation of Puritans as infants, with the assumption that they would be converted later in life. Again, the churches ignored the failure of this generation to adhere to this conversion stricture. The children of unregenerate Puritans were baptized but forbidden communion. By thus isolating the third generation of Puritans from the traditional means of receiving God's grace, this Covenant furthered the degeneration of the church. In 1690, the “halfway members” of the church were allowed to receive Communion. In effect, “the second and third generations of Puritans failed to demonstrate the same devotion and discipline that the original Puritans had practiced” (Valkenburg, 2011). In 1708, the Saybrook Platform, or fifteen “Articles for the Administration of Church Discipline,” attempted to ...Show more


The Great Awakening. Date The Great Awakening. The Great Awakening refers to the wave of religious revival which swept through the American colonies between the 1730s and the 1770s. This “ revival was part of a much broader movement, an evangelical upsurge taking place simultaneously on the other side of the Atlantic, most notably in England, Scotland, and Germany” (Heyrman, 2009)…
Author : oconnellleo
The Great Awakening essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Great Awakening"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

What effect did the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening have on life in British North America
The Indians were generally huntsmen, traders, arbiters and also acted sometimes as enforcers of trade for other tribes which created economic pressure and opportunity, leading to beaver wars. But their economy was dependent on the external trade and supply to foreign markets.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Enlightenment and the Great Awakening
Enlightenment and the Great Awakening In the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, colonial America experienced a number of changes both in its political and economic setting. This was as a result of the cities and the seaports which the colonial powers had concentrated themselves in.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Role of Johnathan Edwards on First Great Awakening
The major events during his tenure were the revivals of 1734 and the First Great Awakening during 1740s. He preached in favour of the revivals and criticized its excesses. His sermons were published as Religious Affection in 1746. Edwards emphasized on religious experiences of a candidate as requisition for church membership.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
U.S History: Great Awakening
U.S History: Great Awakening Great Awakening was an unplanned sequence of protestant revivals. This exceptional evangelical outburst distorted the course of the America history (p. 124). Whiskey Rebellion This crisis erupted when a group of farmers from Pennsylvania complained against introduction of an allegedly unfair federal excise tax, which was imposed on distilled whiskey.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Awakening Religious Tensions
George Whitefield was the most influential preacher during the first awakening. In his sermon, ‘Marks of a True Conversion’, George Whitefield spoke to his audiences about how true Christians had to conduct themselves so as to be worthy of their savior’s grace.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
What effect did the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening have on life in British North America
But their economy was dependent on the external trade and supply to foreign markets. The natives were also very much concerned with their beliefs,
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Various History Questions
Passage into the American colonies during the period of colonization was only possible for the wealthy, and this prevented those from the lower economic rungs from
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Enlightenment or the Great Awakening
The Great Awakening had its roots in England. The Glorious Revolution of 1688 unequivocally established the religious preeminence of the Church of England. This led to a complacency which reduced religious services to a matter
1 pages (250 words) Essay
ing as three or four occasions of heightened enthusiasm in religious arena that took place during the time frame of early 18th century and continued till late 19th century1. The Great Awakening or the religious revival of the United States commenced first in 1730s. The New
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Second Great Awakening and Women Activism
This movement had gained momentum after 1820 when the rate of membership increased amongst Methodist and Baptist congregations. The movement mainly reflected upon Romanticism, which encompassed several factors such as enthusiasm, super-natural appeal, and emotion. There were millions of people who enrolled into this new movement.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us