Religion and Theology
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The Great Awakening. Name Course Date The Great Awakening. The Great Awakening refers to the wave of religious revival which swept through the American colonies between the 1730s and the 1770s. This “ revival was part of a much broader movement, an evangelical upsurge taking place simultaneously on the other side of the Atlantic, most notably in England, Scotland, and Germany” (Heyrman, 2009).


The Puritans gained ascendency as a reaction to the perceived corruption and worldliness of the Church of England, while Catholics were a small minority. In 1670, Charles 11, followed by James 11, reestablished Catholic control. The Glorious Revolution of 1688 saw William and Mary put an end to Catholicism, repress other minority religious groups and unequivocally reinstate the Church of England as the dominant religion. The Anglican clergy shunned doctrinal extremes and adopted a moderate path. Religious belief was confined to mere nominal participation in church services. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, Charles and John Wesley, along with others like George Whitefield, “reacted against the coldness of religion and the deistic rationalism which prevailed” and revived the personal significance of the gospels (, n.d.). These were the seeds of the Great Awakening. ...
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