Utilitarianism stipulates that the greatest happiness should be the guiding principle for the conduct (Shafer-Landau 2012). Finally, Deontological ethics focuses on the rightness or wrongness of the individual actions. It does not put considerations to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of the actions committed. Distinction in how each theory addresses ethics and Morality A Utilitarianism approach on morals and ethics implies that no moral action is intrinsically right or wrong. The correctness or wrongness of an individual’s action is solely a creation of his or her non-moral good like pleasure, happiness or knowledge. Deontological ethics asserts that the wrongness or rightness of an individual’s action is at least a portion of the intrinsic moral features like lying (Shafer-Landau 2012). Ethics and morality are components of virtue theory like honesty and generosity. Virtue ethics focuses on the natural character of an individual rather than on the nature or consequences of specific actions executed. Deontological ethics refers to the ordinary ethical point that controls the morality of an action, based on the action’s devotion to set rules. Personal Experience An instance involving my friend who faces a circumstance demanding him to speak the truth. Deontology advocates truth speaking which is an ethical and moral act. Speaking the truth in itself is a virtue and by this virtue, theories support it.
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(Ethics Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
“Ethics Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/social-science/716049-ethics-theories.
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The paper "Ethics Theories" analyzes several ethics theories such as virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. The paper gives brief characteristic of each theory and gives information about distinctions in how each theory addresses ethics and morality…
World Politics, Power and Ethics: Conflicting realities, contrasting theories. List of Questions: 1. Compare and contrast the assumptions about international phenomena made by Liberalism and Realism. What assumptions about the nature of world politics are advanced by each tradition?
However, the countries often interact in a number of way a fact that validates the existence of policies governing the international relations of the countries. Among the most common forms of inter countries relationship is through the establishment of multinational corporations such as Coca cola that is American yet access the international market.
Among the most prolific early thinkers were Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Newton, Galileo and Boyle and Bentham. These thinkers were in part responsible for shaping the views of Kant in that he drew elements of their brand of moral philosophy to serve as focal points of criticism and facilitators of his metaphysical dualism.
Significantly, Kant’s philosophy is anchored in his conviction that the value of man is inbuilt in his ability to reason and his criticisms of utilitarianism have become well-known in the history of philosophy. An analysis of Kant’s ethics of duty and freedom as a response to all previous ethical theories proves the characteristics of the Kantian ethics and the most significant contrast to utilitarianism, according to Kant, is the ethics of duty in which normative judgments are made on the basis of the character of the action rather than its consequences.
In fact, it can be argued that any human life is worth more than any amount of monetary profit, however large it may be. The teleological approach to ethics is a results-based methodology that considers the extent to which the action in question would maximize a benefit or minimize harm.
Duty theories base morality on specific, foundational principles of obligation. These theories are sometimes called deontological, from the Greek word deon, or duty, in view of the foundational nature of our duty or obligation. They are also sometimes called nonconsequentialist since these principles are obligatory, irrespective of the consequences that might follow from our actions.
Ethical egoism is further subdivided into three categories: Personal Ethical Egoism, Individual ethical egoism and Universal ethical egoism (Pojman & Fieser, 2011).
1) Personal Ethical Egoism: This is the belief that only I, the individual, should act