According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the United States government is considering the implementation of regulations that would limit the availability of “junk foods,” fast food advertising, and, ideally, eliminate the environments that have supported or contributed to obesity. There is some support for the government in this endeavor. These supporters feel it may be the only way to truly decrease child obesity statistics. However, there is an opposition that holds firm that government intervention in this issue is inappropriate, not feasible and wholly unrealistic, Finding agreeable and functional solutions and answering the question, is childhood obesity a government issue? The answer is a unanimous, no. No, it is not a government issue. In order to understand the issue better, it is necessary to gain more thorough understanding of the significance of obesity. The definition of “overweight” involves the combining of, not only, excess body fat, but, also, water, bone, and muscle; while obesity is more specific, it focuses solely on the presence of excessive body fat. Most people assume that obesity is caused by overeating and taking in more calories without expending enough energy to burn them off. However, that is only one possible cause. Obesity can be influenced and contributed to by genetic, cultural, environmental, and behavioral factors, which have nothing to do with caloric intake. In fact, there are numerous elements that can contribute to our body gaining and maintaining a higher than healthy body weight, from food additives, like MSG, to the nature of activity on a daily basis and from micronutrients or macronutrients to pesticides and hormones. In the past 30 years, the instances of childhood obesity have doubled among children 6-11 years of age and tripled in adolescent children. These numbers are only increasing. Looking at the United States map, top of next page, only three states, Oregon, Utah, and Montana have a percentile of childhood obesity of less than 25% and Mississippi shows a 40% or above ratio of childhood obesity within their state. It is these kinds of disturbing numbers that have many calling for actions to be taken to rectify and reduce these percentages. If the numbers are shocking, then the potential side effects and health risks of childhood obesity may leave, many, in a state of awe. As can be seen in the diagram, below, children suffering from obesity are at great risk of cardiovascular issues, like hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and Chronic Inflammation. Musculoskeletal side effects can include the flattening of feet and can contribute to degenerative joint disease. Gastrointestinal issues that develop into gallstones or liver fibrosis. Children who are obese are at greater risk of cancers, stroke, sleep apnea. asthma, and for developing polycystic ovary syndrome in females and hypogonadism in males. However one of the greatest threats to obese children is the potential risk of Type 2 Diabetes, and, of course, the side effects of that condition, which includes the need for insulin, vision loss, and circulation issues.