Special events like Olympics impact traffic in all corridors and increase pedestrian flow. Human kind has acquired substantial skill in managing planned special events and more and more reliability and safety is being achieved by the application of science of traffic management. Traffic management has three basic aspects to it. They are institutional, organizational and technical. The
institutional aspect concentrates on the formation of traffic management team, which has to be multi disciplinary and in fact take control of all the planned events occurring in a region. The organizational side focuses on the establishment of event operations planning process and determines the street use for hassle free traffic flow and evaluates the process when the event is over so a better system for the future could be developed. The technical aspect concentrates on the use of state of the art technology like mobile devices, portable traffic management systems, closed-circuit television, detectors, portable traffic signals and portable traffic management centers.
To understand the expected magnitude of traffic challenges in London Olympics 2012, a cursory glance of some of the key data from Athens and the projected transport requirements of the Beijing Olympics will be helpful. The statistical data from Athens 2004 show 5.3 million ticketed spectators watching 10,500 athletes competing in 28 sports in 35 different venues. The proceedings were covered by more than 21,000 media representatives and supervised by more than 40,000 security personnel. According to the projections from the Beijing Olympic Organizing Committee, the Beijing Games are expected to bring together a total of 200,000 athletes, journalists and officials
from 200 countries. Among them, there will be more than 20,000 athletes. The number of spectators might be somewhere around 8 million. The event will require a record number of more than 1.2 million pieces of sports equipment. This mind-boggling traffic demands for the Beijing Games will make it a unique event in all sports history. Though preparation for London Olympics 2012, has started it is very difficult to make projections regarding numerical aspects of the event from a distance of some seven years. But if the present trend is an indicator of the unfolding future, there is every reason to believe that 2012 will be a grandiose celebration befitting the illustrious name of the historical city of London. Consequently the traffic management, especially the passenger traffic management of the event would call for advance strategic planning, the absence of which can jeopardize the orderly and successful completion of the most colourful quadrennial pageantry which humanity puts up.
Passenger traffic management is only one aspect of the wider issue of transport management. A brief mention of the general transport management implications of game is necessary to understand the specific passenger centered aspects of the event. What will be the magnitude of the transportation challenge of 2012 London