The idea behind preventing future losses is to investigate natural or manmade disaster to determine the likelihood of the disaster recurring. An example of mitigation is the administering of the National Flood Insurance Program. This program assists those who have been flooded out of their properties. If the disaster (flood) is likely to recur in that area the National Flood Insurance Program will disallow future building in that area. The program reimburses holders of flood insurance for the cost of the property lost so that the owners can rebuild (if allowed) or move elsewhere. The mitigation division of FEMA reduces the likelihood of cyclic disasters by ensuring that flood plains are not used as residential or commercial property for rebuilding. Mitigation makes communities safer by reducing the possibility of loss of life or property.1
Preparedness in emergency planning consists of predicting the possibility of a natural disaster and planning ahead to respond. Preparedness involves pre-positioning assets required to help a community recover from a natural, or manmade, disaster. Those responsible for preparing for a natural or man made disaster train responders and hold exercises to test response time and ability to respond appropriately. For example: Florida is a hot spot for hurricanes. FEMA prepares for the possibility of hurricanes by propositioning supplies most needed after a hurricane such as water and baby formula.
Response to a natural, or manmade disaster, is the activation of a plan to respond to the disaster. The response may consist of collecting and distributing of vital supplies, setting up a preplanned medical response, and setting up search and rescue assets. Response consists of the first efforts to assist the community in response to a disaster.
Immediately following response is recovery. Recovery consists of taking measures to reestablish public services and bring back a sense of normalcy to the community. Recovery can be a local effort or as an extended response by a federal agency such as FEMA. In response to hurricane Katrina FEMA provided trailers to those attempting to rebuild their homes. The recovery effort uses available resources to restore a community after a disaster.
Explain in detail the process of risk analysis In light of the readings and your own experience, how would you define risk How would you weigh it If you were the city manager or police chief in a small town with limited resources, how much effort would you put into risk analysis Would you simply "eyeball" risk and give it your best guess, or would you be inclined to conduct an actual assessment
A risk assessment is commonly instituted to assess the current situation or area for dangers. It involves examining a situation for possible risks that may be avoided by modifying behaviors or removing the risk. An example of risk is a person's likelihood of developing diabetes because of being obese. The risky behavior in this case is overeating and remaining obese. By not addressing obesity the risk for developing diabetes increases. Risk can be best described as a situation that can be averted by responding and removing the risk factor. Reducing a population's vulnerability to