In the short-term, this behavior can lead to physical violence. Long-term bullying results in such things as mental and emotional trauma, serious enough to force a child into committing suicide or becoming violent himself/herself. The infamous school shootings are a very good example of what precisely such a behavior can lead to on the part of the bullied when the pressure on them is applied far enough.
Nonetheless, this behavior is dangerous not only for the victim, but for the perpetrator, as well. While a victimized child can get psychological trauma from the bullying experience, a young bully will usually demonstrate a lack of such things as empathy, kindness, et cetera. Bullying is also commonly associated with children who have a lack of social skills. This may or may not be true, as this isn't a prerequisite for bullying. However, what is true is that statistics demonstrate that bullies generally fall behind in their respectful academic programs when compared to other children and even their own younger, non-bullying years.
Sandrra Graham, PH.D., Professor of Psychological studies in education at the University of Californiaat Los Angeles, that is exploring victimization inside young minds being interviewed by Nancy K. Dess, notes bullying is a problem that is not always seen as a problem. In a society where competitiveness is the absolute norm and violence surrounds at every turn, a certain degree of "healthy opposition" is considered not only not harmful, but actually desirable. This gives bullies a covered field of operation, coveted from the interference of adults, which can not only usually not distinguish when bullying occurs - an infamous video tape study shows that only in 1 out of 25 incidents of school bullying do adults interfere in any sort of way - but in some of those cases actually ignore the problem, leaving it to resolve itself, which is certainly a foolish thing because of the dangers bullying brings.
Thus we can see that bullying creates a no-win problem that, far from being a "simple and necessary phase of childhood", as one perception shows, can be a real and very serious threat to a child's health and, like all threats, has to be dealt with seriously and responsibly, and not by hiding one's head in the sand. But bullying is a very difficult problem to solve by outside interference, if for one simple reason - there will never be a possibility of total control over children, especially ones over twelve years of age. This means that the bully and the victim will always have a chance to meet alone, and, judging from the specific of bullying, likely will. There is only so much that adults can do, but any bullying situation, in the end, ends up in the hands of the children. However, adults can exercise a certain form of control from a distance, by working from two sides, teachers and parents together.
The parents' task in combating bullying is dealing with the individual child, whether attacker or foe. It must be remembered that all children involved in a bullying situation are hurt in the long run, and thus must be helped out of the situation. When parenting a victim or someone not yet involved in bullying, steps must be taken to increase the child's self confidence, independence. This is the perfect situation to allow a child to attain their experience of dealing with fear and anxiety;