This research will begin with the statement that simplicity of terminology has come due to the way it has been used in our daily life whereas complexity is attributed to the dynamism and complexity of human behavior not only individually but also as a group and human behavior due to or towards surroundings. Therefore, social work is far more than doing one or more actions which give a “feel good” hunch. International Association of Schools of Social Work and the International Federation of Social Workers define social work as “a profession which promotes social change, problem-solving in human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being. Utilizing theories of human behavior and social systems, social work intervenes at the points where people interact with their environments. Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to social work”. The dominance of human factor is evident in the definition. The most difficult thing is that all the factors on which social work are dependent are unpredictable, fluid and living (living in a sense that they keep on growing in the different direction and ways). To elucidate the point further let us analyze the definition more critically. The first part of the definition says “a profession which promotes social change, problem-solving in human relationships and empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well being”....
es are formed over a period of time to guide practice however; most of them are based on the present situation and does not take into account the time span between the formulation of theory and its availability for practical application. Therefore, changes which occur in that time span are not catered for. To put it simply the theories are present oriented with past experience but seldom are made by predicting future state.
In the above mentioned complex situation it will be next to impossible to set an all encompassing theory or approach. However, "the theory developed should meet the following 4 requirements (UNESCO 2000) :-
1. Social workers need to understand a number of issues related to the field of human relationships. Theory provides the system of rules, assumptions, and the
logical bases for these issues.
2. Social workers work with doctors, sociologists, teachers, and other professionals. The contribution of social workers will be ignored if they cannot show a
theoretical understanding of their field.
3. Social workers, like counselors, constantly find themselves faced with the need to predict. Reliable prediction is rooted in social work theory. Theory facilitates the
capacity to predict.
4. Theory provides a framework for general ideas. It permits a broad and cohesive view of complexities that may be involved in any given human interaction."
Theories can be used to organize our assumptions and guesses into hypotheses,
that can be tested and proved valid, or invalid. This is an important step in the
scientific method. In fact, theories arise from experience. Once a theory is
formulated, it leads to practical applications.
Due to multifarious dimensions of human interactions the theories so developed, keeping in view above 4 points, will be many.