Refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo
UN is leading other global humanitarian institutions in addressing their problems. The purpose of this memo is to shed light on the situation of refugees in DRC Congo.
Refugees in DRC Congo can be attributed to economic and political instability as a result of various civil wars originating from ethnic conflicts and political unrest over three decades. In 1997, DRC Congo was plunged into armed conflicts which saw the former Marxist president Denis Sassou-Nguesso back to power. During this period many people were killed and raped and thousands were displaced from their homes/country. The peace accord of March 2003 ended the civil war, but the country’s peace continued to be shaky especially in eastern Congo.
Over the last two years, tribal clashes and conflicts due to fishing and farming rights in the region have forced many people to leave their homes and seek asylum in Lokoula province. As a result of armed conflict in Mbadaka mid last year, many refugees were forced to migrate to Congo.
Presently, Congo has approximately 2 million internally displaced people and more than 450,000 refugees in other countries. The refuges are living in pathetic conditions plagued by diseases and hunger due to poor living amenities. Majority of refugees are living in overcrowded camps in Goma, Kabati and the Equateur regions. Many others are dying as a result of cholera and malaria as well as hunger. The camps are severally attacked by armed militia groups who kill and rape women.