This is identified in Table 2 in the study, however this was based on quantitative multi-variate testing and not only the self-report inventories returned by the chosen sample group of youths.
The study conducted by Simons & Conger also predicted, based on previous literature, that authoritative parenting would breed better adjusted adolescents in relation to academics or the broader social environment. However, this article predicted that having two authoritative parents would be rare considering the dimensions of adult-based control needs that would negate both parents taking an authoritative role. The article identifies neglectful parenting styles versus authoritarian styles, with modifications for a variety of combinations of both styles.
This study’s methodology differed and involved questionnaires filled out by key sample participants and then a follow-up observational approach using videotape as documentation. Important dimensions of this sample’s self-reporting dealt with perceptions of hostility in the home, monitoring and parenting style. This gave this particular study more variables to consider in relation to whether delinquent behavior was actually a causal relationship to deviant youths.
Both articles seem to reinforce that neglectful parenting styles or those with dissociative methods have the highest instances of delinquent behavior. Hoeve et al. reinforces that having two authoritative parents, regardless of its rarity, produces more well-adjusted and non-delinquent children. This is supported by the analysis from observational research and when considering the self-reporting conducted on key sample participants.
The study by Simons & Conger also indicates that there may be variables outside of parenting style that determine whether the adolescent becomes delinquent or remains an overall desister. For example, the results