A social problem may affect or be initiated by an individual or a small group of individuals in the society. It then spreads out and becomes not an individual problem but a collective issue affecting the whole society. Some of the social problems emerge and decline at certain points whereas others may be persistent continuously (Hilgartner & Bosk, 1998, p.57). Some of the social problems that are common in different societies include domestic violence, drug abuse, sexism, racism, abortion, alongside many others. These problems differ from other common problems in the way they are perceived in the society and the legal procedures that are needed to handle he issues. Another issue that has become a serious social problem is HIV/AIDS. This is not only a medical problem but also becomes a social issue that attracts the attention of different social analysts. The mode of transmission of the disease, its impacts on the lives of the orphaned children, and the cost of nursing the infected individuals make the disease an unavoidable social issue.
Media plays a key role in modeling a society as they can reach many people within a short period. By providing individuals with information pertaining to different aspects of the society, media can influence the opinions and ultimate course of actions of individuals in the society. Depending on the issues addressed in the media and the theme of the information delivered, media can be used to educate members of society or it can be used to influence negatively the behaviors of the members of the society. How media addresses social problems in the society will affect the people’s understanding of the problem and the steps that the individuals might take to solve the issue.
HIV/AIDS has been a medical problem since its emergence in the early 1980s. The disease has since emerged to be a social problem due to its effects on the infected and affected individuals in the