ok at the respective family structures, owing to the dissimilarity in the socialization and upbringings in both the societies and the Islamic nature of many of the Middle Eastern nations. The Middle Eastern women value the family system, get married at the age of around 16 to 25, may live in the joint family system, usually as housewives, and have 2 to 3 (or even more) children. The American women are comparatively much more career oriented and less interested in making a family. They usually move out of their parent’s house and either live independently, in some cases, even as single mothers, or co-habit with a partner. The trend in the Middle East is largely of patriarchal families, whereas, in the U.S., the number of matriarchal families has duly increased over the years (Fernea, 1985).
Maternal Mortality Rate in the United States in 2008 was reported to be “24 deaths in 100,000 live births and varies for the Middle Eastern women from 10 deaths (in 100,000 live births) in the United Arab Emirates, to 1400 deaths in Afghanistan” (Kelly & Breslin, 2010). It is difficult to say who is healthier due to the variation in the Middle Eastern region itself; the stressed out, career-driven women of the United States are more prone to diseases, but they are also more aware of them and can, thus, obtain adequate medical treatment (Central Intelligence Agency, 2009).
Economic conditions of women make sense when analyzed in juxtaposition to that of men. In the U.S., women’s conditions have improved ever since the Equal Pay Act of 1963, but even today, they earn approximately 23% less than men do. In the Middle East, however, the gap between women and men’s rights, and their economic statuses, has reduced visibly (Kelly & Breslin, 2010). The Middle Eastern women have gone from being almost non-existent in the labor market to being present now; this accounts for the reportedly large leap in their economic conditions. In the U.S., conversely, the males and females