This essays looks into some of the particular costs of urbanization. An important reason is access to resources and the environment. Another is the social cost, i.e., the increase in rural poverty because of uncontrolled rural to urban migration. In the end, however, I conclude argue that these are issues that can be addressed through efficient governance, sound urban planning and policies on sustainable resource use. It must be made clear at the onset that not all urbanization signals development, although many are wont to think that the presence of skyscrapers and gleaming edifices are indicative of a country’s growth. There is urbanization that indeed heralds development – as for example, urbanization accompanied by job generation, equitable distribution of resources, and access to social protection instruments. However, there too is urbanization that only makes poverty more acute, urbanization whose uneven growth has made the rich even richer, whilst plunging the poor deeper into the margins.
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