The formation of gangs in the human societies which spread violence, gore and volatile behaviors can be easily understood and decoded by using the theory of Abraham Maslow. Gangs are adaptive social mechanism that provides individuals an outlet to exhaust their unsatisfied and discoursed energies. As Spergel correctly depicted
“The gangs are important social institution for jobless male youths and young adults from new and rejected populations because it often serves social, cultural, and economic functions no longer given by family, school and markets.” (Spergel, 1990)
The psychological needs come first in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs which argues that first and foremost need of a human being is hunger and thirst. As long as the physical instincts will not be satisfied the other levels will never be fulfilled. The physiological needs are regarded as the basic needs in the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. If the people who constitute different gangs are analyzed, there are hunger problems at their homes. Their children are not having the class of food enjoyed by the elite side of the society. Similarly, the other basic instincts like quality of housing, health care benefits are not enjoyed by the people in the gangs.
The basic trigger for the people to join the gangs is the fact that they perceive that by working in the contextual backgrounds of the society they will never be able to fulfill their needs. The other level in the hierarchy of needs is known as “safety needs” which is one of the most key factors in the formation of gangs because people think that if they get united in some form of a gang , their force will be augmented and they will be able to get their rights which cannot be achieved individually. The safety need is not fulfilled of the people taking part in the gangs. Although there is no all-encompassing reason for the formation of gangs but all the levels at Maslow’s hierarchy of needs provides