Inequalities in health are excessive gaps in outcomes associated with health among individuals or community. They evolve from disparities in economic and social conditions that shape people’s behaviors and choice of lifestyle, their risk of infection and measures taken to tackle infection (Karlsen and Nazroo, 2001). Magnus (2001) conducted a study in 1996–1999 and the findings reveal that, the disparity for males between the highly paid and lowest paid in terms of wages reduced from 3.3 to 2.6. In theyear1996 and 1999, the difference among women reduced from 2.3 to 1.8 years (Magnus, 2001).
Karlsen and Nazro (2001) assert that, economic and societal issues like salaries, education, and societal issues have direct influence on health. These issues strongly affect health, and their improvement can lead to the development in health among the community members.
For example, individuals with very low income usually lack funds, and access to healthy food, proper housing, good infrastructure, and working environments, which can affect their wellbeing. These people may have economic and life strain, which have outcomes like high blood pressure.
Similarly, people who have enough income and jobs are likely to undergo health outcomes that are not dependent on material requirements, but they may be influenced by the stresses they meet at work and at home. The societal structure influences well-being through the distribution of societal commodities and resources. The extent at which the goods and resources are allocated does influence the well-being of the society. Social funding, social interacting, and association to culture can curb the health effects.
Bartley and Blane (2008) propose four models that can be used to explain social class inequalities in health. The behavioral model describes the social group disparities in health negative or positive health motivating behaviors like choice of good dietary, use of appropriate