In this sense, the criminality is perceived as inevitable and even justified based on the intervening circumstances. The chapter proceeds to present the theories that are interested in crimes, as opposed to the root-cause of crimes; those that do not concern themselves with the past, but the present occurrences of the crimes. The theories are guided by the assumption that the present condition of crime is what matters because it has an implication on the ramification measures to be adopted, and that criminals are not mechanical but people who are capable of reasoning rationally.
One of the theories that are examined is the routine activity theory, which focuses on the crime and opportunity relationship. This theory suggests that crimes do not just happen, unless they are presented with the opportunities. The opportunities work as incentives of motivation agents for people to engage in crimes. For example, robbers will be motivated to turn to the bank to steal because they know there are opportunities to get money and because they are often convinced that they can outflank the security. However, questions have been raised to the extent that the opportunities play role in aggravating the commitment of the crimes and the eventuality has been a heated debate. Some additional points that have been generated are that there can be no appropriate way of addressing crimes other than checking to limit the opportunities that aggravate the commitment of the crimes.
The second theory that has been explored is the rational choice theory (Lily, Francis, Cullen, & Richard 2011; 341), which draws a relationship between the rational choices that people make and the crimes that follow the actions. The theory asserts that criminals are human in the sense that they are rational. Criminals are often about the implications that follow their