Talcott Parsons, the idealist behind this defines health as a social phenomena rather and not just as a physical phenomena. Health therefore is the state of optimum capacity of an individual for the effective performance of the roles and tasks for which he/she has been socialized. (Parsons, 1951)
The Marxist school of thought defines health from a production perspective. Production leads to the existence of different social classes. According to Marx, these forces of production are the basis for political, educational, legal, and health inequalities. Health outcomes in a population are influenced by the capitalist economic system.
Analysis on wellness and category has revealed an obvious connection between patterns of loss of lifestyle rate and morbidity (illness) and your public category. In England, the Black Report – a major nationwide research (DHSS 1980) – was important in publicizing the level of class-based wellness inequalities. Many people discovered the outcomes surprising. Although there was discovered to be a trend towards better wellness in community as a whole, essential variations were seen to be available between various sessions, affecting health from beginning bodyweight to blood stress to risks of serious sickness. While not discounting the possible validity of other justifications, the Black Report pressured the need for a comprehensive anti-poverty technique and for improvements in knowledge in order to combat wellness inequalities
The sociology of health and illness/ wellness entails the examination of the interaction between health and the society. The sociology of health and illness discusses the relationship between factors in the society that affect morbidity and mortality and vice versa (Timmermans, Stefan & Steven Haas, 2008: 659-676).
The Black Report –named after Chairman Sir Douglas Black, President of the Royal College of Physicians – showed that the inequalities in health continued to widen