Regardless of the increasing number of soldiers throughout time and various military conflicts sharing related symptoms, the American Psychiatric Association did not officially acknowledge Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) until the year 1980. PTSD, an anxiety turmoil brought about by exposure to distress, is now a generally acknowledged diagnosis that is experienced by both genders (Chaumba & Bride, 2010). Some of the universal symptoms may include; invasive thoughts, dodging of stimuli connected to the trauma and continuous symptoms of augmented stimulation. PTSD makes no favoritism as it can ensue to any person who has been open to the elements of a traumatic happening. However, for purposes of this research paper, the focus will be limited to the diagnosis, effects and treatment of PTSD in military; specifically from veterans between the Vietnam-era and Iraq/Afghanistan deployments as stated by Chaumba & Bride (2010).
Despite various studies showing that some women are more susceptible to PTSD than men, many mental health professionals generally keep on diagnosing PTSD in male soldiers at a higher rate than females (Feczer & Bjorklund, 2009). One supposition for this inconsistency explains that for most military conflicts, women were not allowed to serve in front-line combat positions (Feinstein & Sinyor, 2009). However, in present day combat situations, a good number of female soldiers hold roles that place them in direct battle zones, thus escalating their threat of being open to the elements of combat-related distress at similar levels to those of their male counterparts.