The working class according to some theorists likes Weber and Marx are based on the means of production and this can also mean the same empirically. Body According to Karl Marx, the class is the relation in which individuals discover the identity of their collective interests which only occurs in the process of engaging in the struggles against other individuals whose ideas and interests are incompatible to theirs. According to Karl Marx, social classes are defined and structured by economic factors such as; Control or possession of property, Means of production, work and labour. According to Marx, class is defined by the relationship to the means of production and that the main requirement for class existence is the possession of sufficient surplus product (Roberts 2001). Marxists view the struggles between the capitalists and the wage workers as a ‘war of classes’ in their struggle to control classes. Proletariats have no other resource apart from their ability to work using their hands bodies and minds. This means that their daily bread is determined by the will of the capitalist to employ and pay. Since these two classes are involved in a struggle for survival, capitalists will at all times try to accumulate profits and capital. This is done by keeping the wages of the proletariats as low as possible inhibiting their ability to gain ownership of property (Roberts 2001). According to Marx, the relationship between workers and the capitalists has given rise to conflicts as demonstrated by the frequent strikes, political struggles and other crises. The conflicts between the capitalists and the proletariats have resulted into past change. The other social class according to Marx is the petty bourgeoisie. They own some little property and insufficient finance to have all the work done by employed workers. They double as small scale owners of property as well as workers. Members of this group must therefore work to survive. The petite classes always have a divided interest of preserving private property and that of property rights. Their interest is however opposed to that of the bourgeoisie. Karl Marx anticipated the desertion of this class to either capitalists or into the working class depending on their success. It is worth noting that this has happened but looks like it continues to recreate itself into different forms. Lumpenproletariat is a class consisting of the ruined and adventurous as a result of the bourgeoisie damage, according to Marx, it is a dangerous class that consists of discharged soldiers, vagabonds, pick pockets, brothel keepers, beggars, rag pickers just to mention a few. They are often homeless and poor. Max Weber on the other hand came up with the conflict theory in which he argued that conflict is a common and constant feature of society, and that conflict is the most elementary eye of social life. He views social stratification in a three component theory. He argued that the financial conditions of an individual can be measured by his wealth; the farms, buildings, and industries. According to him, one’s class position and chance is determined by the position he is situated in the market place. He further argued that in
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Running Head: Concept of the working class in modern Britain Name: Instructor: Institution Affiliation: Date: Introduction The working group which can also be the lower class, the labouring class or even proletariat is simply a term used by social scientists to describe the people who are employed in lower level occupations as measured by level of education, the skills and the income…
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