There is a circular relationship between technology and higher income like while adoption of new technology is dependent on high income, on the other hand technological innovations are a cause of higher income. Achieving MDGs is a process of sharing ideas, experiments, problems and solutions between different science and technological disciplines.
The eight MDGs with the target year as 2015 are reducing extreme poverty and hunger by half, universal primary education completed by all children irrespective of gender, elimination of gender disparity in all levels of education, reduction of mortality rate of children below 5 years by two thirds, improving universal maternity health by making health services accessible, treatment accessible to all HIV/AIDS affected people around the globe and elimination of major diseases like malaria, reducing the loss of environmental resources by integrating principles of sustainable development with country policies and programs, and open trading system and accessibility of affordable essential drugs in developing countries (Millennium Development Goals, n.d.).
According to the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change, there is significant impact of aircraft technology on climate change. Due to the continuous growth of aviation industry, the matter has become of grave concern. For making proper assessment of aircraft design’s impact on the atmosphere, some complicated metrics are used based on simple emissions quantities. However this process is not sufficient to deduce the atmospheric effect of aircraft. For getting a more accurate record of the atmospheric effect, spatial distribution of the earth needs to be considered for which a detailed picture of emission levels of global traffic has to be created (Egelhofer et al., 2007, p.74).
The emission from aircrafts mostly affects the troposphere and the stratosphere. However,