o wealth disparities, social inequality is considerate of the quality of lifestyle of an individual or group in a society that is founded on unequal distribution of goods and services, as well as income disparity. It is even recognised that racist practices and similar social discrimination provides a situation in which an individual or group finds limited opportunities, hence an inability to procure appropriate wealth levels that are linked to quality of life. Social inequality is encompassing of a variety of contextual factors, however it is best defined as the disparity between one social group and another that provides for the foundation of social injustice and varying levels of social discrimination.
It is recognised that social inequality is linked to higher incidents of crime and violent crime (Gabbidon 2007; Wilson and Daly 1997; Messner and Golden 1992). However, there is contention in the research community that social inequality can concretely be correlated to higher incidents of homicide. Bailey (1984) found an insignificant correlation between inequality and homicide prevalence. Gabbidon (2010), however, found that the systems which drive social competition are what turn individual toward committing a variety of different criminal activities up to and including homicide. The aforementioned studies, though, were inclusive of factors related to the United States society. Nadanovsky and Cunha-Cruz (2009) iterate that the prevalence of homicide rates are widely varied between different countries across the world, hence suggesting there may be a variety of disparate social factors which diverge from nation to nation that might explain a potential correlation between homicide incidents and factors related to social inequality. Capitalistic nations, socialist nations, or those with disparate cultural values from developed countries, could, theoretically, be an explanatory factor for homicide prevalence taking into consideration more contextual factors other