This is because of the increase of Russian immigrants and German immigrants that joined the Jewish community in the street of Maxwell. Wirth described the street as ‘Ghetto’ because it had a high population density with people from different ethnicity and religion.Therefore, the interactions between people moved from primary to secondary.
According to Wirth and Simmel, urbanism has negative effects as well as positive effects. The paper will first look at the negative effect of urbanism followed by the positive effects.The ties among people weakened due to the increased population and difference in background, culture and religion. Additionally, the sociologist noted that the difference in culture and tradition forced individuals to abandon their traditions so as to fit in the urban social organization. Wirth examined that the urbanism has several negative impacts due to the size, density and heterogeneity. The Sociologist was inspired by Simmel’s argument that the larger the population the more the need for individualism and erosion of tradition.Due to the large size in the urban areas, people tend to be less united and more individual and diversified socially. The large size in an urban setting is more likely to adapt to urban system of social control, undermining the kinship traditional system.
Urbanism is reflected by the lack of division of labor in the urban areas as compared to the rural areas. This kills the tradition of differentiated roles between women and men that was observed in the rural areas. Density and heterogeneity in the urban centers made people from different background adapt to living close to strangers. Hence, result to an individual’s psychological stress due to mistrust and doubt in their heterogenic neighbors. Competition in the field of employmentincreases in a densely populated place. This is because of duplication of roles and skills among people of different