Therefore, out of a total of 197 countries, the global south claims a staggering 133 with these countries located in South and Central America, Africa, Asia (with the exception of Japan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan), the Middle East (with the exception of Israel) and Mexico (Bhaṭanāgara, 2010, 377).
The North-South divide is generally viewed as a socio-economic and political divide where the global north is considered the richer, more developed region and the south the poorer, less developed region. With urbanization on the rise, currently, approximately half of the human population, that is, 3 billion lives in cities (urban areas) as compared to the 1.5 billion who lived in cities 30 years ago (marking the greatest demographic metamorphosis in human existence). The number of cities in the world has more than quadrupled since 1950 with the trend especially relevant in Africa, a continent undergoing an annual urbanization rate of 5% - urbanizing faster than any other world continent (Bhaṭanāgara, 2010, 378).
In Africa, 41% of the population lives in the urban region with estimates predicting that by 2030, 6 out of 10 people globally will be living in cities. In 1990, the United States led the world in the number of urban agglomerations (33) but by the year 2020, China is predicted to take over with 131, followed by India with 58. With the half of the world’s population living in cities occupying only about 2.7% of the earth’s land cover, the phenomenon of urbanization still has elephant room for growth (Medeiros, 2013, 87).
A great proportion of urban residents in the global south live in slum conditions with statistics indicating almost a billion people live in slums worldwide. This number accounts for a third of the global city dwellers in the global south. In Africa particularly, 70% of the city dwellers live in slum conditions. In Asia and Pacific,