Gender: Foundation of Inequality in Health Name of the of the University Introduction Physical health is one of the most important aspects of human life. Healthy body leads to healthy life. However, physical health depends not only on healthy functioning of the body but also on mind and spirit of human being…
Health, being one of the major aspects of life, is also affected by the social structure. The unfortunate thing is that the gender differences, which are observed in the society, are also observed in the health scenario. Hence, gender plays a significant role in the social production of health and illness. According to Harding (1986), even though health and illness can be “explained or interpreted within the assumptions of modern science,” there are many aspects of health and illness that are “hidden from the consciousness of science” (Lorber & Moore, 2002, p. 1). This is because social and historical particularities like human emotions, political values, individual and collective unconscious, social system, gender roles etc., tend to influence the health and illness in human beings (Lorber & Moore, 2002, p. 1). According to Harding (1986), the scientific and the social worlds are strongly related to each other and shape each other (Lorber & Moore, 2002, p. 1). The gender differences, which are observed in society due to patriarchal and male dominated systems, are also observed in the way men and women are treated in the field of health. Hence, immediate steps are needed to be taken to change the gender bias in social production of health and illness, as only equality in treatment of males and females will lead to development of a healthy society. Gender Inequalities Gender inequality is one of the major aspects of social system. Suppression of female voice and their rights has been in practice since ancient times. Hence, it is not surprising to find the same trend in health field also. Since the early 1970’s, the major area of sociological researches has been dedicated to studying the gender inequalities in health (Annandale & Hunt, 2000, p.1). Gender inequalities led the feminist movements to search for reason behind the differences in male and female morbidity and mortality, which were observed in society (Annandale & Hunt, 2000, p.1). Social circumstances are known to influence women’s health in many ways. Feminists have attempted to challenge the detrimental effects of patriarchal system on women’s health by probing into the relationship between variations in women’s social circumstances and their health (Annandale & Hunt, 2000, p.1). According to study by Annandale (1998), it was revealed that if women were given access to the social roles, statuses and facilities which were hitherto considered as domain of male, then their health will experience enhancement and improvement (Annandale & Hunt, 2000, p.1). Unfortunately, women are not treated equally. The vital aspect of female position in social health scenario, which was revealed through the research by feminists, was the essence behind the term ‘gender,’ and how it affected the social production of health and illness. Difference between Sex and Gender By the end of 1970’s, the liberal feminist movement had made its agenda to conduct research on gender differences in health, which were the extension of the inequalities that had seeped deep into different aspect of society like “paid and domestic work,” status and income (Annandale & Hunt, 2000, p.1). One of the most essential thing that was considered as the basis for this research was the distinction between sex (biology) and gender (the social) (Annandale & Hunt, 2000, p.1). ‘Sex’ is biology of a person while gender is a social term which is used to describe the sex role that one has to ...
Cite this document
(“In what ways is gender significant in the social production of health Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/sociology/71850-in-what-ways-is-gender-significant-in-the-social
(In What Ways Is Gender Significant in the Social Production of Health Essay)
“In What Ways Is Gender Significant in the Social Production of Health Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/71850-in-what-ways-is-gender-significant-in-the-social.
Health psychology is a branch of psychology, which deals with causes of illness, treatment, the relationship between health, illness, mind and body. It is also tries to explain the role of psychology in health and illness by explaining how the human body reacts to different situations causing people to either live in health or be sickly.
Such activities include but are not limited to social, technological, economic, political, biological, and cultural. These are interacting and intertwining realms. Globalization as a phenomenon has been occurring for centuries and with the passage of time, has expanded from the inhabited regions’ colonization to the emergence of new nations, from the tuck fleet to the cargo planes, and from local manufacturing to global production.
All over the world, less value has been placed on women’s lives, and they are treated less equally. This has led to gender discrimination within the household, community, state and in the labor market. In the household gender, discrimination can lead to son preference expressed in female feticide or selective sex abortion.
As Bury (1997) preached that a person acquiring optimal health associates in having a good life and losing it over illness endangers one’s sense of security pushing the experts to think of solutions for prevention and cure of these ailments. From birth to death, health is affected by all things that are enclosed within our own society (Nettleton 2006) and its culture towards health and illness determines one’s survival and life course.
In addition, social elements and the social structure within the environment influence the health of an individual in various ways. Interestingly, there are aspects of gender differences observed in the health situation that are almost similar to the societal perception of gender disparities.
Developments in technology and health care services are changing the field of mental health nursing.Post World War II, health services have begun to realize the need to revolutionize the treatment of mental illness. Concurrent researches in the fields of psychology and sociology have revealed the importance of mental health and the programs that promote and support those.
Community development involves initiatives within both small groups and the larger community. The process of community development is well-planned, long-term and grounded in experience that leads to best practices. The process seeks to promote equity,