He is like Darwin who believes in evolution to explain how organisms changed throughout time. Darwin supposes that competition and sexual selection stimulate changes in species, that is, cause them to evolve (Elliott 8-9). I agree with him that the environment causes us to change too, not just biologically, but also socially (Allan 32).
Besides Darwin, Thomas Malthus influenced my idea of social evolution precisely because I disagree with his views. Malthus believes that, because the world’s resources are limited, population growth will only worsen resource limitations, and only external forces, such as disease, war, and death from hunger can resolve this problem (Moberg 109). I believe that Malthus has undermined our human capability for rationality and innovation. I believe in “survival of the fittest” wherein more resourceful and intelligent people will survive, while those who are weak will die eventually in this world (Moberg 109). I am the first who coined the phrase “survival of the fittest,” by the way, not Charles Darwin. In this case, my idea of social evolution will lead to constant growth toward a more perfect society than the miserable society that Malthus predicts (Moberg 109).
While thanking Malthus for making me think about the survival of the fittest, French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck also influenced me through his theory of use inheritance. I agree with Lamarck that changes in environment changes the needs of living things in the environment and that these inner changes subsequently alter their behaviors. In Philosophie Zoologique, Lamarck says that use or disuse of certain parts due to changing environment and needs results to changes in the size of the former wherein more use increases its size, less use would shrink it and complete disuse will result to its disappearance (Carroll 221). In addition, Lamarck asserts that these changes are passed on to