The individuals must choose the evil that causes less harm to the society. There are numerous theories that explain the least harm principle. The theories argue that alternative solutions should cause least harm to the society. It means that if individuals have two options to choose from they must choose the one with minimal damage to the society. It is an ethical decision that is acceptable by most societies in the world.
The general decision making model should guide individuals in the society to make good decisions. It helps individuals to analyze situations from different perspectives and lead them to making an ethical solution for the situations. They evaluate numerous solutions and provide a feedback that justifies their decisions. Decisions of this kind are important to the lives of managers and other influential individuals in the society. Managers should have the skill of selecting the option that causes less harm to the society (Dolgoff, Harrington & Loewenberg, 2012). They may also make decisions regarding how a choice affects the development of a company. Selection of the best alternative provides a positive feedback to the management and the company. Individual make decision when they have alternatives. In addition to, people make these choices when they under conditions of uncertainty. Individuals always choose the options that are efficient in the situation. The decisions made between the two alternatives are direct. It is because the effective options lead to efficient choices.
Evaluation of chapter 4 of the book shows that Cliff Baxter is a social worker who left his work. Cliff starts his own company and devotes most of his time to the enterprise. Dennis is workmate who promises to direct clients to his firm at a fee (Dolgoff, Harrington & Loewenberg, 2012). There are challenges that Cliff faces in the business. He finds