It is noteworthy that presently, most sociologists employ three major theoretical perspectives namely: conflict perspective, functionalist perspective and symbolic interactionist perspective (Bilton 2002, 122). These three perspectives gives sociologists theoretical paradigms for providing explanations of the manner in which the society influence people and vice versa. Each of these perspectives outstandingly conceptualizes society, human behaviour and social forces. In a nutshell, this paper will analyse the similarities and difference between at least two sociological perspectives and briefly evaluate their usefulness in
When describing different sociological theories, it is important to understand ways in which the theories are integrated into the societal setting. Some of the sociological theories that play an integral role in helping people understand how sociologists view the world and the behaviour of individuals are: functionalist theory of class stratification and the functionalist theory of education.
To begin with, the functionalist theory of class stratification highlights a number of issues. Before delving into these issues, it is essential to understand what is meant by social stratification. Social stratification refers to the manner in which the society is stratified or socially grouped in a hierarchical manner. This hierarchy creates inequality amongst the members of the society since it makes others unequal by putting others on the top and others on the bottom of the system (Haralambos & Holborn 2008, 92). Sociologists refer to stratification as a way of defining the concepts behind a number of social processes that assist in making societies and their cultures distinctive. Understanding class stratification helps in understanding how particular social institutions are formed through the three major features:
Functionalist theory of education is understood by sociologist in various ways. They contend that it is essential for societies to