th others and learn to assign meanings to physical traits like eye shape, skin color, the texture and color of hair, or even particular bodily movements (Coakley et al. 232). These meanings happen to the basis for categorizing people into racial classes and relating racial categories with certain emotional and psychological characteristics, physical and intellectual abilities, as well as even lifestyles. Explain why and how race and racial ideology have been related to sports in the United States.
Using American Indian mascots as symbols in universities and schools athletic programs is predominantly troubling since schools are areas of learning (Coakley et al. 249). Explain why the use of Native American symbols and images for team names, mascots, and logos, and has been a controversial issue in the United States.
Between the eighteenth to much of the twentieth century, individuals from western and northern Europe used racial ideologies to come to a conclusion that people of color globally were primitive individuals driven by brawn instead of brains, instincts instead of moral codes, and impulse instead of rationality (Coakley et al. 234). Explain why scientists and other researchers have looked for sport performance genes in dark skin bodies and why this is a deceptive and ineffective