course of socialization, which is generally defined as acquisition and adoption of skills, dispositions, knowledge and attitudes accepted in the society (Weidman et al., 2001, p.18), an individual is likely to transform into more or less efficient and complete social element. Socialization implies that an individual internalizes the social world, absorbs ideals, cultural norms and values of the society he/she lives in and develops skills necessary for functioning within it. Dimitriadou et al. (2013, p.314) state that the process of socialization is controlled by the community, or society, itself: the society regulates acquisition of social behavior norms by its members influencing the process on both primary and secondary stages of it through the special structure. From the sociological perspective, socialization is perceived as a set of agents and institutions intended to motivate, direct, form and limit the process of personal development of a human. Thereby, agents of socialization are concrete people responsible for transmission of cultural norms and social values, and institutions of socialization are seen as formations and establishments directing the process.
Thus, such understanding of socialization presupposes the cogent relations between the individual and the society he/she lives in and, moreover, direct influence of the society and social structures existing in it on formation of the individual’s personality and further functioning within this specific community. However, sociological studies have been suggesting rather controversial viewpoints on the role of society and social structures in socialization of the individual and the latter’s level of self-sufficiency within the society. One of rather popular views of the issue presupposes that the individual has no influence and opportunity to make own decisions, while the society possesses power and control over his/her life and self-actualization, creating various circumstances. Social contract