Sport psychologists are therefore used in identification, development, and execution of mental and emotional knowledge and skills, which are essential in achieving best results.
This method is important because it molds and improves athlete performance through consistent execution of inward possibilities. It promotes mental health, motivates athletes, relieves stress in athletes, clarifies values, and is a life-balancing technique. In addition, this approach improves athlete performance because of proper application of psychological principles.
The approach is unreliable because the use of scientific psychological methods to influence athlete perceptions may not be effective if not used in the correct context. Some athletes may not be in a position to understand what trainers require them to do especially if they are illiterate of if the language in use is a barrier.
Sports sociology defines sports from a social perspective in the sense that sports is directly linked to society norms and expectations (Dunning, 1992). Therefore, issues like culture and values are major issues that influence and shape sports.
The main disadvantage for this approach is that every part of the world has its own definition and way of linking society and sport. Therefore, what applies in one region may be difficult to applying in other regions.
Sports have become an important part in human life. Therefore, there needs keen scrutiny in making sure that principles applied in modern sports are universally helpful to athletes and the society. This is because the bond between society and sports cannot be ignored and thus both approaches have to be used simultaneously to ensure good results are