Describing research design such as defining case study and its characteristics are not relevant to research participants and should not have been included in the section. A researcher should also assume that the target audience are informed of research approaches and not focus on basic features of research design. The section also dedicates just a little portion of its content to discussing research participants and this reduces relevance of the section to the protocol. The research location section also lacks precision, as most of the section’s content does not relate to the heading. Only a single sentence refers to research location and discussion in the section focused on such issues as data collection instrument, interviews, forms of questions to be asked, research purpose, and data collection procedure. In addition, the instrumentation section fails to serve its purpose in a research protocol. The section should discuss proposed research instruments for a study and justify selection of the instruments such as through stating advantages of interviews and features of interviews that makes them suitable for implementing the study (Holtz, 2008; Dunn, 2008). The pilot study section also fails to describe a pilot study. Even though the protocol discusses research design and data collection protocol, information on these is included in other sections. Key elements of a methodology are discussed and can be followed to implement the study but the discussion lack precision and organization. a pilot study is however not discussed.
The methodology section is comprehensive and precise on each of the specific elements. Using a template, each element of the methodology section is discussed and answering questions on the template could have informed the effectiveness. The design section, for example, identifies use of ethnography and rationale for using the design. The protocol also succeeds in identifying research participants,