Since this period, the UK and the UK people have changed profoundly, and the major impetus for the change is the demographic dynamics that is matched by a rapid rise in expectations on lifestyles. The demographic dynamics have owed in part to their transformations to changes in medicine and technology. This means that in the UK, and along a general trend amongst the developed nations, life expectancy has been on the ascendancy, for both men and women. Hence, the average age has risen, an occurrence, and a point emphasised by the level to which the level of birth rate has stagnated. Further, the population in the country has been more ethnically diverse because of an en-mass migration of people from mostly the Caribbean, South Asia, and Eastern Europe. The benefits of the social policies even to a hugely capitalistic nation such as the United Kingdom is obvious, and such a discussion has perhaps been overtaken by time, of importance is the changes in life styles and demographic changes and their influence on the social policy, in line with the Beveridge led welfare state. Hence, this paper will provide an intriguing discussion of how the two provide a current challenge to the UK’s social policies.
According to (Great Britain 2013b) report, the population of people born during the current millennium has a life expectancy of over 100 years, and the number is expected to increase by almost 51 percent; further, the number of people over the age of 85 will double. The problem has slowly been gradual as a result of the rapid economic growth after the Thatcher led economic reconstruction of the UK, and there will be a crisis that will face hospitals, specialists services and elder care homes.
It has been argued that the challenge posed by older citizens in the UK has led to a need in reappraising of the function of the state. This is a significant challenge and attached to the constant need to respond to a pattern of problems. This has a close