Indeed the policy has helped ease the pressure of population growth to some large extent and seen to it that population reduces by at least two hundred and fifty million. In this paper, I will be analysing China’s One-Child Policy from the perspective of its social and political gains.
China went through a myriad of reforms on the political and social fronts that reduced mortality with the resultant rise in population. Fertility rate went up to 6 children for every woman. There was wide belief in the general public that the policy was particularly extreme. For instance the policy is notably not applicable to the entire population i.e. officials in government and many persons residing in urban places are exempted. There is also permission for families to get a second child i.e. where the first child is female, is disabled or where the parents are born out of a one-child family. The policy is enforced at the provincial levels with fines being imposed for non-compliance and factors considered include but not limited to the family’s socio-economic status. To ensure success of the policy, the government established Population and Family Planning Commissions at all government levels with the objective of increasing awareness as well as carry out registration and inspection work.
Family planning services were introduced starting the year 1953 so as to improve maternal and child health services. There resultant decline in mortality rates saw the population of china rise by 2.8 percent hence by the year 1970 some additional two hundred fifty millions were added to the China’s population. It is remembered that the rise in population came at a time when the country had just come out century long rebellions, civil wars, epidemics and the imperial authority had just collapsed. The exponential growth in population was initially perceived as strength; Mao Zedong once said, “of all things in the world, people are