The essay "Criminology: General Strain Theory" analyzes the concept of Strain theory and explores the relationship between race and crime so as to understand the overrepresentation of minority African American communities in the criminal justice system. According to Piquero & Sealock, as well as other scholars like Braithwaite, several facts have been identified about offenders and offending while their underlying causes are still pending. One of such facts is the relationship between crime and race. However, it is also still in controversy. Piquero & Sealock and Hawkins asserts that several studies indicate a higher rate of crime especially serious ones among the African American communities as compared to the whites. Among the reasons suggested for the higher rate among the black society include differential enforcement and differential participation. This implies that more attention is given to criminal activities by minority communities than is the case for the whites. The later posits that African Americans don’t just offend more but also engage in more serious crimes explaining their dominance in the criminal justice system.
Piquero & Sealock, Lieber, Mark & Featherstone, observe that most criminological theories assume a universality in their application. This they claim led to bias in their findings. Nonetheless, a theoretical perspective that has provided a qualitative difference between the ethnic groups is General Strain Theory which can help to understand the reasons for the racial difference in crime.