This essay demonstrates that naturally, sex, which is a defining factor of gender, occurs to individuals at birth in relation to their reproductive roles and characteristics. All these differences have a significant impact on largely unequal treatment between women and men in the society. The female gender, which is generally weaker in comparison to its male counterpart, is the one that is most discriminated against. Not only are women treated differently but they are also denied opportunities in favor of the male. Various theories have been proposed by sociologists, which relate to gender inequality. This paper will discuss gender inequality as portrayed by the society with reference to social pathology theory, social disorganization theory, and social structural theory. It will make reference to the presidential debate between Obama and Romney, and statistical data on income levels between men and women in United States. There are many signs which show the level of gender inequality in a society. Job allocation and promotion based on sex are discriminative actions by society especially in the employment sector. The allocation of resources in the society in reference to a person’s sex is a form of gender discrimination. It is equally discriminative when in some communities, male child education is given more emphasis at the expense of the female child one. Gender based inequality has been found to rampantly occur in the third world countries. However, sociologists still believe that it is a big problem even in the developed countries such as the United States. They recommend drafting and enactment of laws that will make sure the issue of gender inequality has been solved. Even the slightest form of discrimination in the society or work place should be treated with seriousness by the society to show how grave the matter is. Remuneration policies that are drawn based on gender indicate a form of gender discrimination which should not be the case. People should receive equal payment for equal tasks completed regardless of their sex. Gender inequality is associated with many social problems. Issues that are women related pose a bigger problem than those related to men. Although feminist groups are meant to oversee these issues, they have not been successful in doing so. They have received a lot of resistance and opposition from anti-feminist groups which believe that women should not be favored but have to fight for their position in the society. Regardless of the constraining factors faced by feminist groups, numerous measures are being put in place to ensure that the issue of gender inequality is fully addressed. Such measures include different laws and regulations aimed at ensuring that women receive equal treatment and opportunities with their male counterparts. Every politician hold this as a pledge in their campaign trail, while the law making bodies formulate laws that are likely to oversee the issue has been sorted out completely. Experts agree that the fight to achieve gender equality is not an easy battle, but still have high hopes that at one time they will win the fight. Social problems that are inherent in the society require combined efforts of the various actors to ensure that they succeed. Although many people believe that this role should be held by the government, social groups and non-governmental organizations, they also are part of the team and should be fully involved. Politicians have played a major part in trying to bring gender equality in the society.