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Criminology - Essay Example

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Criminology in a broader sense is an organized way of thinking and talking about crime as committed by criminals and how to control it. Sociological imagination can be used in the imagination of crime as it helps a person see how the private or personal trouble can be affected by happenings in the public. It therefore helps us understand how our daily lives is affected by the social forces that have a direct control on what we choose, the opportunities that are available to us. It helps in the understanding how individual characters are closely related to the broader relationships that we have amongst ourselves. Sociology is the study of the social behavior, the systems and the structures in place and may have a bearing on criminology either through structural or processes. Socio-structural criminology evaluates how social situations and structures play a key role in influencing the disposition of a person to behave criminally. It explains how crime can effect a change on the society or a particular environment. There is also the social-process criminology that explains how a person may turn out to be a criminal through learned behavior. Through the interaction of a person with criminals, a person is likely to develop a criminal character through the association with the criminals themselves. Criminologists always emphasize the role that ethnicity or race, gender and class may play as some of the tenets in which the society is developed, race or ethnicity affects how a person is perceived in terms of social imagination and it may play a key role in criminology. For example, stereotypes or beliefs based on the race or the ethnicity of a person may have a direct bearing on how the media and the public views a person and the policies that the government put in place regarding crime. Class plays a key role with regard to the perception of crime in the sense that persons who occupy the lower classes tend to be associated with crimes as evidenced by strong government scrutiny on their activities. Criminologists therefore relate high levels of inequality in terms of economic capabilities to the high levels of crime experienced in the streets, this is contrary to white-collar crime associated with the rich who in most cases have the organizational capacity. Q.1 b Sociology is the foremost discipline amongst the social sciences, this is because it studies human existence in the society, and sociological imagination is a derivative of this notion: the attempt to create a world in which human beings exercise dominion over nature but not with one another. This ambition of human dominance is well articulated through sociological imagination, a term that was initially devised by American sociologist Wright Mills in the 1959 in his book The Sociological Imagination. Sociological imagination has been widely accepted among sociologists to mean the ability to clearly evaluate and understand social problems as an outcome of the wider society comprising of the context, the actors and the actions. Sociological imagination should be able to express a clear awareness of the relationship between historical and cultural factors in shaping society’s troubles. The individual should be able to step out of the confines of his own problems to have a good understanding of why certain ...Show more
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Name Professor Course June 6, 2013 Q.1 Sociological imagination from a sociologist’s point of view is the ability for one to comprehend that whatever affects the individual is continuously shaped or influenced by the surrounding or the people around him…
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