VTS introduction despite of making shipping safer has also reduced catastrophic threats like oil spills in heaving and narrow waterways, colliding disasters and damages. VTS implementations outcome vary from country to country, as the zonal rules and regulations also vary. AIS implementation along with overcoming the limitations of VTS provides with the latest statistical information between the cargos or ships and coastal stations.
developing and this symposium is a part of that process. It will contribute to our knowledge, stimulate ideas and help us to decide how best to utilize the technology that has been and is being developed."
Vessel traffic services (VTS) are shore-side systems, designed to prevent different types of collisions in the harbors, which range from the provision of simple information messages to ships, such as position of other traffic or meteorological hazard warnings, to extensive collisions and management of traffic within a port or waterway. VTS acts as a tool, which plays a vital role in:
The purpose of a VTS is to provide active monitoring and navigational advice for vessels in particularly confined and busy waterways. There are two main types of VTS, surveilled and non-surveilled. Surveilled systems consist of one or more land-based sensors (i.e. radar, AIS and closed circuit television sites), which output their signals to a central location where operators monitor and manage vessel traffic movement. Non-surveilled systems consist of one or more reporting points at which ships are required to report their identity, course, speed, and other data to the monitoring authority. They encompass a wide range of techniques and capabilities aimed at preventing vessel collisions, ramming, and groundings in the harbor, harbor approach and inland waterway phase of navigation. They are also designed to expedite ship movements, increase transportation system efficiency, and improve all-weather operating capability. When Vessel Systems report to a vessel traffic center by radiotelephone they are in turn provided with accurate, complete, and timely navigational safety information. The addition of a network of radars and close circuit television cameras for surveillance and computer-assisted tracking, similar to that used in air traffic control, allows the VTS to play a more significant role in marine traffic management, thereby decreasing vessel congestion, critical encounter situations, and the probability of a marine casualty resulting in environmental damage. (Vessel Traffic Services, http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/mwv/vts/vts_home.htm)
Rules And Regulations within Vessel Traffic Services Zone
A vessel using a traffic separation scheme shall:
i. Proceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general direction of traffic flow for that lane.
ii. So far as is