Art is an aspect that is intertwined with culture and traditions and as culture and traditions changed towards civilization so did art. Significant inventions in history changed the approached towards art as artists sought to embrace emerging technologies to be able to portray their art more effectively while at the same time improving on aesthetics. According to Kleiner (2010), developments in art have always occurred roughly during similar periods in history as developments in other fields such as science, philosophy and politics. Therefore, the general realization is that art is an aspect that is intertwined with developments in other areas due to the need for artists to respond to these developments either by critiquing or seeking to highlight important aspects of these developments. The following timeline project will conduct an analysis on the developments in art and design from the 15th to the 20th century with a specific emphasis on four genres. The four genres of focus will be sculptures, drawings, paintings and architecture.
The timeline has revealed that art was significantly influenced by historical periods and advancements in the fields of science, politics and philosophy. Moving from the Gothic era to the modernism era, there is the realization that art is a significant part of the society and that art responds to societal changes. During the Gothic era when the Catholic Church significantly influenced most aspects of life, art basically responded to this influence by concentrating on religious designs. The renaissance art on the other hand sought detachment from the church and sculptures could be evident in streets. Baroque art was significant in introducing the use of oil paints. During the enlightenment era, the Catholic Church sought to regain its popularity through art but in vain due to the protestant influences. The Romantic era depicted art not as it is but as it ought to be with regard