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The Athena Parthenos and the sculptural decoration of the Parthenon: art and ideology in Periklean Athens - Essay Example

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The Athena Parthenos and the sculptural decoration of the Parthenon: art and ideology in Periklean Athens

The artwork selected for this particular paper is the massive sculpture of Athena Parthenos created by Phidas.
Athena Parthenos was a sculpture created by Phidas. This sculpture was made of chryselephantine, a combination of gold and ivory, to depict Athena, the Greek Goddess. This massive sculpture was placed within the Parthenon in Athens and was the source of great pride for the Greeks.
Phidas constructed this sculpture outside his usual mode of material, which was bronze. He constructed the arms, feet and face from ivory while the clothing that the sculpture wore was made of gold. Phidas also incorporated gems within the sculpture in the eyes of Athena to give her a look of power. Power in the sculpture is also evident as it stands a towering height of thirty-three feet and commanding a feeling of religious awe. The height of the sculpture was such that the walls of the Parthenos had to be raised to accommodate the statue.
The statue stands at a slightly inclined head as she puts the weight of her entire body on her right side. The statue wears a helmet adorned with two griffins and a Sphinx like creature. Her tunic reaches her feet, and at her waist, the tunic is cinched by two serpents. One of Athena’s hands is outstretched as she holds a Nike with that hand and the other hand holds the tail of her tunic (Kleiner, 2010).
The statue stands on a base that is a testimony to the creation of Pandora. The Egyptian like figures carved at the base of the shadow thus also focus on the mythology too. Thus, the sculptor, Phidas, incorporated both religion and mythology within the statue.
The statue of Athena Parthenos was very much similar to another statue of Athena that Phidas created during the same time period. This statue known as the Athena Polis had many of the same elements of Athena Parthenos. Athena Polis was also made from ivory and gold ...Show more
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Greek Art, throughout history and even today, holds a special reference as sculptures and artists of that time showed genius in their work in most of the artworks created during that time period. Each artwork is special in its own sense owing to the artist who created the…
The Athena Parthenos and the sculptural decoration of the Parthenon: art and ideology in Periklean Athens
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