Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Aldehydes:C2H4O - Research Paper Example

Only on StudentShare
High school
Author : shanahanparis
Research Paper
Chemistry
Pages 2 (502 words)

Summary

Aldehyde is any organic compounds class where the carbon atom shares a double bond with another oxygen atom, one bond with a group/ single atom or one bond with any hydrogen atom (Lewis, 2007). The double bond existing between the oxygen and carbon is a primary characteristic of…

Extract of sample
Aldehydes:C2H4O

A detailed examination of C2H4O molecule is provided as the main aldehyde under study (Lide, 2007).
Aldehydes pass through numerous chemical reactions, including polymerization. The combination of aldehydes with other types of molecules yielded the aldehyde condensation polymers. The polymers are used in plastics, for instance, Formica (laminate table top) and Bakelite (Bretherick, 1990). The aldehydes are also important for making perfumes, solvents, and intermediaries for the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and dyes. Some aldehydes are also included in the physiological processes. Some examples include pyridoxal phosphate (a basic form of Vitamin 6) and retinal which is important in people’s vision (called vitamin A aldehyde). The reducing sugars like glucose are also aldehyde. Others include synthetic and natural hormones (WHO, 2009).
Some aldehydes are of great industrial importance and have been used as flavouring agents, perfumes, and solvents. Some aldehydes are used as intermediaries in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and dye. Some aldehydes naturally exist in the flavouring agents. These include benzaldehyde, which releases fresh almonds natural flavor and odour. Vanilla, the basic flavouring agent of the famous vanilla beans, oil of cinnamon or cinnamaldehyde (Mackison et al., 1981).
Additionally, some aldehyde performs essential functionalities in some living organisms and humans. For example, cellulose, starch, and sugars are based on compounds that have in them traces of ketone group and aldehydes long with hydroxyl groups. Others are steroid hormones like testosterone, progesterone, aldosterone, and cortisone that are ketones (Lide, 2007).
Acetaldehyde/ ethanol are used in the process of production/ manufacture of perfumes, basic dye, and polyester resins. Acetaldehyde is also used as foods preservatives, fruit and fish preservative, as a denaturant for ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Photochemical Somog
Having being canvassed with the chemistry of photochemical smog, the primary culprits have known as ‘smog pollutants’ will be highlighted, succeded by the details about their harmful effects. Every problem is solution-borne and so is the photochemical smog. Before concluding with the essay I would like to focus on the possible solutions that can help minimize the formation of photochemical smog. Researches have shown several topographical and meteorological factors also influence the conditions of the formation of photochemical smog. Topographically, areas situated in valleys experience…
3 pages (753 words)
Synthesis of Dibenzalacetone by Aldol Condensation of Benzaldehyde and Acetone
Under basic conditions, the carbonyl group of acetone having an alpha hydrogen atom is converted to an enolate ion (Mc Murry, 1999, pp. 939). The enolate ion thus produced is a strong nucleophile and attacks the carbonyl group of the “accepting partner”, which in this case is benzaldehyde (Mc Murry, 1999, pp. 939). An alkoxide is formed as a result of this nucleophilic attack. The alkoxide then undergoes protonation by H2O, forming a “neutral condensation product”, hydroxyketone. This undergoes dehydration in presence of NaOH, forming an enolate ion, hydroxyenolate, which then forms…
7 pages (1757 words)
Practical Synthesis of Useful Substances Using Organocatalysts
This makes it a more efficient process, which uses fewer chemicals in the synthesis process, making it by a far greener and less toxic process. II. Background A. The concept of organocatalysis Acceleration of chemical processes through addition of substoichiometric quantity of organic compound refers to organocatalysis. In the last few years, interest in this field has increased because of selectivity and efficiency of many organocatalytic reactions, which have met standards of the required organic reactions. Observably, organocatalytic reactions are becoming popular in constructions of…
8 pages (2008 words)
POLYMERIZATION
ius equation which is k = –Ea/ RT k - is t - A - constant. Therefore in order to calculate kt we will consider then equation 2k t [M]o2. This equation occurs after integration of –d [A] by [M] = [M]o – [M]o P = [M]o (1- P) and this is through substitution. Rp = kp [f kd [I]kt ]1/2[M] Rp = rp + ri = [ f kd [I]kt ]1/2[M] + 2 f kd [I] Rp = -rt = 2kt [f kd [I]kt ]1/2 Rp = [ kp2(f kd kt)1/2 ] [M][I]1/2 Therefore, the calculation will be 9.37 * 10- 4 = [107.3432 ( 0.7 * 1015.2 * kt) 1/2] [3.14] [1.59 * 10-4] Question two Ethylene which when linked to form polyethylene is a low density plastic…
13 pages (3263 words)
Wittig reaction
The latter chemical agent is commonly known as the witting reagent, it results into chemical agents known as alkene as well as triphenylphosphine oxide (Carrutthers, 1971). Discovered in 1954 by Georg Witting, it continues to be vastly used in the organic synthesis of alkene preparation. This procedure should not be misunderstood with, the Witting rearrangement chemical procedure which is based on a different theory. The witting reaction is normally applicable in the coupling of aldehydes and kentones, is the single substitution of phosphine ylides. The out coming data from the ylides test…
6 pages (1506 words)
Experiment 4:Synthesis of Dibenzalacetone (Aldol Reaction)
Dibenzalacetone precipitates from the reaction medium and can be purified by filtration.…
4 pages (1004 words)